Who a meager, fixed wage and may

Who are the Guardians and their Auxiliaries, according to Socrates and his students? What kind of lives should these Guardians lead? What guidelines should they follow? Socrates and his students are discussing the best way to train people to become Guardians in an attempt to philosophically create a perfect government form. The question discussed in this portion of the Republic is who and how should Guardians be chosen and trained. “The kind of men we must choose from among the Guardians will be those who, when we look at the whole course of their lives, are found to be full of zeal to do whatever they believe is for the good of the commonwealth and never willing to act against its interest” (Plato 1). The duties of the Guardians are to rule justly and to look out for the needs for the common people. The duties of the Auxiliaries are to carry out these laws and make sure people follow them. Therefore, it can be concluded that the Guardians are considered the best because they are the rulers, and as explained later in the passage, Guardians are selected through a rigorous selection process. Socrates proposed Guardians protect the citizens and their well being with, “inward conviction that they must always do what they believe to be best for the commonwealth” (Plato 1). The Guardians are rulers who are selected from an elite group of talented, intelligent individuals, and Auxiliaries execute the laws Guardians put into place. In the passage, Socrates makes an analogy with gold, silver, iron, and brass, dividing society into three classes: Guardians, Auxiliaries, and farmers and craftsmen. Socrates, Glaucon, and Adeimantus agreed that Guardians should lead a life without luxury because they will better serve the people by having their full focus on the truth and morals, rather than distractions and pleasures. “First, none of them must possess any private property beyond the barest necessaries. Next, no one is to have any dwelling or store-house that is not open for all to enter at will. Their food, in the quantities required by men of temperance and courage who are in training for war” (Plato 4). Along with these, Socrates states that Guardians will have a meager, fixed wage and may not possess or even touch gold and silver. Guardians are the rulers of the land and should not become corrupt. If they ever break these guidelines, they must rescind guardianship. How do Socrates and his students plan to convince people that their ideal government is both acceptable and even preferable to any other system? Is their thinking on this subject ethical? Why or why not?Socrates and his students planned to convince people that their ideal government is greater than other systems by narrating to them the story of the children born with gold, silver, or brass and iron. “I shall try to convince, first the Rulers and the soldiers, and then the whole community” that everything they experience was of the nature of a dream, and they were actually inside the earth who nursed them and helped them flourish. He planned to convince them of a fiction that the god who created them put gold, silver, or brass and iron in different people, creating leaders, soldiers, and laborers. However, this story is fiction and Socrates and his students wanted to feed this fiction to the public. “Not in the first generation; but their sons and descendants might believe it, and eventually the rest of mankind” (Plato 5). They are aware that they are trying to sell the public fiction, yet they are okay with that fact. Socrates, a great philosopher and speaker of the truth, should not be attempting to fool the public into believing fiction. Therefore, their thinking on this subject is unethical- attempting to fool all of mankind by selling them a lie that could possibly put them down is unethical. Trying to sell people in poverty the idea that they were born to be lower than everyone else in a democracy is cruel. What are the potential positive and/ or negative aspects of this particular conception of an ideal government? Consider the author’s ultimate aim and his attitude toward power and leadership. Consider also how this system may have appeared in other forms and/or theories of government in history.The negative aspects of this ‘ideal’ government far outweigh potential benefits. Only the upper classes would receive an education, and the lower classes will never know they are being deceived and would be in an illusion of hope to escape the classes; yet, they would be bound to their positions. Although it is possible for golden or silver children of alloys to be ‘promoted,’ it is difficult because it is hard to test every claim of a silver or golden child. Ultimately, Socrates and his students wanted philosophers to have the highest power and influence, a contrast from reality in their time. The lower classes are fed propaganda and lies, and without a real education, they will not be able to see that they are being brainwashed. The state controls everything, creating a sort of totalitarian regime. This is similar to North Korea’s totalitarian regime, where all students are brainwashed at an early age to worship the North Korean dictator. At the end of the passage, Socrates says the true leader is the one who leads the others out of the dark. However, since totalitarian regimes dissent change, Socrates and Plato would not do well in this government, so they are either mocking their students orr trying to make them come to the conclusion that this government system is ineffective on their own. What is the central point of Plato’s “cave analogy”?The trapped man does not see the truth nor does he know how to find the truth. The educated man learns the truth and is brought into the light by philosophers. Philosophers must go back and help the trapped men, no matter the ridicule he faces, because he knows he prefers life with truth. Plato says that those uneducated are trapped in a dark cave and an illusion of happiness. He says “no one can act with wisdom” without finding his way into the truth (Plato 2). The central point of this analogy, however, is to tell people to do the equivalent of ‘turning their head.’ The people have to master some concepts and know that what is seen is not always as is;  to leave the realm of visibility and enter the unexplored realm of philosophy and questions. It shows enlightenment in the sense of education and knowledge.