There are many factor to consider in determining the best solution to fight poverty in Africa. Most Africa countries are regarded as third world countries. These are countries characterized by low per capita income, low industrialized economy, low technology development and so on. Despite the indisputable abundance of diverse mineral resource, favorable climate condition and rich soil for cultivation of various agricultural produce. Africa is still suffering from all manners of food shortage, joblessness and severe economic depression. What then is the most suitable solution to this dilemma facing Africa?.
The First world countries and the host of all concerned advanced countries have presume aid is the solution to African problem. Therefore, Aid in different types and sized has been given to Africa but we all know the outcome of such action. The aid has not led to any improvement or whatsoever because it has ended in the wrong hands of the leader who are not better than another worse set of problem of the highest order for Africans. Constantly there are different “advertisement?? on the television in form of news making us aware that the Western countries are making effort towards improving the conditions of Africans.
This is not the solution. To the best of my best Knowledge, I will recommend few options below that I believe will be much more effective in combating the poverty in Africa than Aid. The first and most important solution to fighting poverty in Africa is education. As simple as it seems, the majority of Africa population has little or no education at all. Education is very important in every society. It improves the earning capability of the population and help them to be able to make good decision which will affect their life and their offspring for good.
In Economics, it is known that the quality of labor depends on the level of education which will improve productivity and helps them earn more. Another helpful solution to Africa?s poverty is the investment in the economy at the grass root level. As it was mentioned above, most western countries aid in terms of capital (both financial and machinery) and material has been handed to the corrupt leaders at the helm of authority. Therefore, these aid have been converted to personal gain and benefit by these leaders.
It is then necessary that the western countries should develop another strategy of rendering aid to African by targeting the local community in a very structured way that will prevent fraud or misappropriation of this aid. The last but not the least options that will be effective in correcting the current poverty problem in Africa is helping the Africa countries to participate in genuine profitable international trade. It has always been said that most present trade between western countries and Africa countries are not transparent or fair enough for Africa.
There is every reason to be suspicious of a trade of goods like agricultural products that’s been produce in Africa but the price is control by western countries. The terms of trade is controlled by western countries, so Africa just have to take whatever it is given to them. In conclusion, I will quote the words of a formal America president, Bill Clinton, which said and I quote: “It is true that Africa needs the world but truly, it is really the world that need Africa. ?? Therefore, if the western world wants to help Africa they should really consider their choice of action and choose wisely.