We all need to maintain our health, and keep check of our readings, and it is important for ourselves to keep a track of it. Most important thing to keep us healthy is our heart. A way to keep a check on our heart is to check our blood pressure, like high blood pressure (also known as systolic blood pressure) can cause heart failure. Since I was a kid I was curious of how people of different age’s and genders have different blood pressures, and also how it affected them. This data was collected in Nerul, navi Mumbai, india.
Blood pressure in a resting individual the left ventricle of the heart directs frequently five litters of blood each minute into the aorta and conduits courses of the body. The little arterioles keep the surge of blood from the channels and are along these lines known as the essential ‘protection vessels’. The merged effect of the imperativeness made by the heart and the overflowing restriction realizes a distending weight in the corridors vein structure which is implied as the pulse. Blood pressure is something that happens when our heart pulsates, it draws blood round our body to give it the vitality and oxygen it needs. As the blood moves, it pushes against the sides of the veins. The quality of this pushing is your circulatory strain. On the off chance that your circulatory strain is too high, it puts additional strain on your arteries and our heart and this may prompt heart attacks and strokes. Blood pressure can be measured in various ways however you can likewise do it by first setting off to a specialist or other wellbeing proficient who will wrap a unique sleeve around your arm. The sleeve has a gage on it that will read your blood pressure. At that point the specialist will swell the sleeve to crush your arm. After the sleeve is swelled, at that point the specialist will gradually give air a chance to out. While doing this, he or she will tune in to your heartbeat with a stethoscope and watch the gage. The gage utilizes a scale called “millimetres of mercury” which can be composed in short as mmHg to gauge the weight in your veins. Another alternative is to get a circulatory strain estimation from the machines accessible at numerous drug stores. There are additionally home observing gadgets for circulatory strain that you can utilize yourself. Blood pressure is measured utilizing two numbers. The main number, called systolic circulatory strain, measures the weight in your veins when your heart pulsates. The second number, called diastolic circulatory strain, measures the weight in your veins when your heart rests between thumps. In the event that the estimation peruses 120 systolic and 80 diastolic, you would state “120 more than 80” or express “120/80 mmHg”. Even if your blood pressure readings are far below the 120/80 “normal” mark, there is usually no cause for concern. A low blood pressure reading of, say, 85/55 mmHg is still considered to be acceptable, as long as no symptoms of low blood pressure are present. In any case, on the off chance that you are encountering side effects of discombobulation, unsteadiness, swooning, inconvenience concentrating, frosty and damp skin, quick and shallow breathing, lack of hydration, queasiness, obscured vision or weariness, it is fitting that you see a specialist immediately, as your low circulatory strain might be the aftereffect of a basic condition, which could be not kidding or cause genuine intricacies. It’s essential to comprehend that a solitary high perusing does not really imply that you have high blood pressure. It could be the aftereffect of many elements. In the event that you take your blood pressure subsequent to working out, in the wake of eating salty sustenance’s, drinking cafe related drinks, smoking, or amid a time of high pressure, your pulse may be strangely high. In the event that the circulatory strain sleeve was too free or too tight on your arm or too vast or too little for your size, the readings could be mistaken. Therefore, you shouldn’t stress excessively over coincidental readings, particularly if your pulse has returned to typical whenever you check it. So if your blood pressure is higher than 140/90 mm hg, you should consider visiting a doctor can plan a treatment for you which would include a healthy diet and a lot of workout, And if these changes won’t work then taking medicinal drugs are recommended as there is a high risk of the person getting a heard disease or even diabetes. So there is a chance that your systolic readings can be 180 or even higher, or your diastolic readings to be 110 or even higher, if this happens then recheck your blood pressure, and if it is showing the same results then you should take immediate action and get in contact with emergency medical services, as there are chances that you could be suffering from a hypertensive crisis.
In the year 1682 the first person to talk about blood circulation was William Harvey, he was the one who concluded in his research that the blood must be traveling in a cycle in the body. Whereas in the year 1733, Stephan Hales used water manometer to measure the blood pressure of animals. Then in the year of 1817 René Laennec crated the stethoscope from which the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure came. While checking the Blood pressure we get two different readings from it which are systolic and diastolic. When the doctor takes the patient’s blood pressure, he will get two different readings one will be systolic and the second one would be diastolic. Systolic will always be higher than diastolic, like for example let’s look at this fraction 115/75, the number with higher value refers to the pressure applied in our arteries which takes place during contraction of our muscles of heart, and this is known as systolic pressure. The lowest value number in the above fraction is the pressure from our heart in between each beat, and this pressure is known as diastolic pressure. Both the readings are really important as they decide whether your heart is in a healthy state or not. If the values exceed the ideal range then that would prove that your heart is taking a lot of pressure to provide blood in your body. Prehypertension occurs when the systolic pressure is between the readings from 121 – 140 mm hg or when the diastolic pressure readings are in between 81 – 90 mm hg (these numbers are not considered as high blood pressure). These values are also a evidence for us moving out of the normal range. If the range increases then there are higher chances of the person who have’s it to be in risk of a heart disease or stroke. It is known as 2nd stage hypertension, when the systolic pressure is 160 or more, and the diastolic pressure is 100 or more. And in the end it would be considered as a serious health issue if the systolic pressure reaches 180 mm hg or the diastolic pressure at 110 mm hg. Hypotension takes place when the systolic pressure is 90 mm hg or below, and the diastolic pressure is 60 mm hg or below, this is also considered as low blood pressure. The person who has low blood pressure needs to be very cautious as low blood pressure means that our body and heart are not receiving oxygenated blood. If the systolic pressure readings are in between 90 – 120 with a diastolic pressure reading in between 60 – 80 would be considered as normal readings. These readings are expressed with the help of mercury in mercury, also abbreviated as mm hg. The reasons behind for a person having high blood pressure could be because of some medications, the temperature being low of the surroundings, intake of caffeine, stress, smoking, and exercising. Whereas for low blood pressure the reasons could be medications, heart disease, or having llower volume of blood in the body. Try reducing some of the factors provided if you don’t need high blood pressure or low blood pressure.