Urban planning is the concept that defines a technical and political process
concerned with the development and use of land,protection and use of the urban
environment, in order to better accommodate the growing population of the urban
and suburban areas of any city. It is a concept in which the social,
environmental and economic aspects of sustainability all merge
together.Although we tend to think of it as a new development,urban planning is
not a new concept. Since antiquity there are texts and designs of cities built
in order to make them livable and safe for the population.
One of the main elements in urban planning and urban design is green
open space. However, as the human society is growing, this development is
bringing some problems to our earth since there is over usage of the world’s
resources,resulting in more pollution and loss of biodiversity. We know that
green open spaces have always been beneficial to human kind,not only because
they keep guard of global warming,which if left uncared for has destructive
results for our world, but also because they act as a source of food for us,in
both a direct and indirect manner.
Open spaces,be it natural or
manmade,contribute to the quality of life in many ways.It is true that if you
build a bigger city you will consume more sources and also you could have a big
impact to the environment, and if you are not limiting the growth of your
cities you will lose a lot of nature area. However, big cities have a lot of
advantages and opportunities thus we cannot do away from them because of our
notion to increase green open spaces. Big cities are good for economy so to
have big cities is not a problem. It all depends on how you plan for their
progress and welfare. But in theory we have to limit the growth of the cities,
combine cities with environment and ensure that people have more contact with
the environment. And as we know, we can’t achieve this without good planning.
Green open spaces add up to the economy of a city: they promote the image of
the city, increase the selling point while also contributing ecologically because
they reduce the process of erosion and promote biodiversity. As it is stated
above, today, green open spaces are mainly planned with a purpose of fighting
against global warming, this is why is important to talk about its role in fighting
against this worldwide issue. Making the people aware of this may be a long
process but it is not impossible.
In conclusion,our population has
entered the process of irreversible urbanism. But,this development has to be stable
and well looked into,so that the needs of the population can be fulfilled. For
this purpose, we need new policies for urban planning that focus not only on making
these areas suitable for the population,but also in making the people that live
in these areas capable of adopting new civic behaviours in order to have better
results in the development of whichever area they live in.