“Tourism comprises the activities of persons
traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more
than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes.” (Unwto.org,
In this paper, I will
obviously talk about tourism following the definition above but more specifically
about the impacts, negative and positive, of tourism for the economies of the
countries and how the businesses hospitality evolved to respond to the tourists
needs and requirements.
Nowadays, the way
people are traveling is changing in more than a way especially when we have a
closer look at the Generation Y, commonly called Millennials. Millennials are
indeed different from prior generations in a number of ways Pewsocialtrends.org
(2014). Anyway, let’s focus on something bigger, a key point for this modern
society when we refer to tourism, the sustainable tourism.
“The sustainable tourism is the tourism which develops
as quickly as possible, taking account of current accommodation capacity, local
population and environment… The development of tourism and new investment in
the tourism sector should not detract from tourism itself.” (Bramwell,
B., Van Der Straaten, J., Goytia Prat, A., Richards, G., 1996).
After some explanations about sustainable tourism, it’s
maybe welcome to get into something more sensitive, the mass tourism.
Who never visited
a place like Ayia Napa with that beach called Nissi Beach or a monument located
in an urban area as the Eiffel Tower in Paris? What’s the point between those
two places? Well, the attraction they are facing from the tourists resulting on
an overcrowded place. This is called the mass tourism; this phenomenon consists
on having a large amount of people at the same place at the same time.
According to the
internet, the tourist arrivals in 1950 were around 25milions but now expects to
reach 1.8 billion by 2030. (sustainabletourism.net,
Something that probably
played a major role in this fast growing evolution is the development of the
mean of transportation, allowing many people to move at the same and a much
inferior time that it used to be with the new aircrafts that are created per
example. The innovations in the field of technology are also important, in
fact, today it is really easy to communicate rapidly with the internet (phone,
4G, etc.) but mass tourism is a delicate topic to deal with because of all the
pros and cons.
First, we have the
tourists that come to the city and stay at hotels in which they pay taxes
during their time there. They bring wealth with them, they spend money in many
way and it offers many job opportunities with hotels, restaurants (cooks,
receptionists, cleaning ladies,..). It is also good for the agriculture and
manufactures that have the chance to hire employees due to the incoming travelers
that need to eat, those help the economy of the country they are visiting.
Second, the mass
tourists with what better examples that the cruise boats. They unship in
numbers as invaders, thousands and thousands of tourists getting into the
destinations mixed to the other tourists that are already there staying in hotels
or by their own visiting for a day.
And last, younger
travelers that come during spring break or summer only there to have a good
time and party with their friends, we can use Lloret de Mar in Spain, Ibiza in
the Balearic Islands or even Ayia Napa here in Cyprus as good examples.
different profiles of tourist comes the social and cultural effects that are
mostly negative. The higher the number of tourist the worst can be the relations
with the locals. In fact, everyone who already travel will agree on saying that
once you go out of your country, you get into a different world with a
different culture/tradition and behaviors.
The party animals
can irritate the locals by the way they behave in the streets after the parties
are over as well as the other tourists that might ignore the “local dress code”
and revealing too much skin especially in places of worship.