This not be a real truth. There

This video is an
explanation on why Indians shake their heads when they talk. They may move
their head side to side, up and down, or sway it diagonally. Many people wonder
why people do actions that they do not understand the reasoning for, so this
informative video explains so. A side to side head movement usually indicates a
no. A up and down head movement usually indicates a yes. A swaying diagonally
is a maybe. Some additional head movements can include the head nod up, which
means “What’s up?” or “How is it going?”. Humans are very expressive, and it
has become a custom for Indians to naturally move their head when trying to
express things. Not only do Indians do these head movements, but many others do
so as well. I have seen everyone do the up and down head movement, which
indicates a yes. I have also seen multiple people do the head movement from
side to side, which indicates a no. It is sort of a universal language in which
one uses their head to indicate something just like what a thumb up or down can

Auguste Comte was
the one who founded sociology. He is a French philosopher born in 1978, who
believed in positivism. Positivism is the idea that only the scientific truth
is the real truth. If the truth is not a scientific truth, then it must not be
a real truth.  There are five principles
of positivism:

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1.       The
logic of inquiry is identical cross all branches of science.

2.       The
goal of inquiry is to explain, predict, and discover.

3.       Research
should be observed empirically with human senses.

4.       Science
is not the same as common sense.

5.       Science
should be judged by logic and remain free of values.

Those five
principles are the reasoning behind the theory of positivism. Positivism is a
theory that approaches society specifically with a scientific evidence, such as
experiments, statistics, and qualitative results, to divulge the truth about
how society functions. This theory assumes that it is possible to be observing
social life and establishing reliable, valid knowledge about how it works.

Corte has hopes
that this knowledge can then be used to change the course of social change and
better the human condition. In addition, positivism supports the argument that
sociology should only involve itself only with what can be observed with the
senses and the fact theories should only be build through rigid, linear, and
methodical ways on a base of verifiable fact. Because Auguste Cortes believes
in positivism, this video would be viewed as a joke to him because it does not
have any scientific reasoning behind it.

Marxism is a form
of socioeconomic analysis that shapes capitalism through a paradigm of
exploitation, analyzation of class relations, and social conflict through a
materialistic interpretation of historical development. The study of sociology
viewed through a Marxist perspective, derived from the philosopher Karl Marx.
Marxism can be recognized as either a political philosophy or a sociology, if
the way it is recognized remains scientific, systematic, and objective. Marxism’s
major concepts is mainly concerned with the relations between society and economics.
 Marxism is generally seen as one of the
most influential sociological paradigms, and it is connected with conflict
theory and critical theory.

Marx would say
that the reasoning behind Indians shaking their heads is a form of custom that
they participate in, derived from many generations ago. Since many centuries
ago, Indians have always been known to shake their heads while talking. It is a
social aspect in which they communicat with each other, so that they know they
re talking to other friendly Indians.

David Emile
Durkheim is a French sociologist born on April 15, 1858. He is known for many
sociology advances, such as his work concerning how society can maintain their
integrity and coherence in the modern world.  Because that was the focus of his work, he is
considered the inventor of the “functionalist perspective” within sociology.
Durkeim put a lot of his interest in what held society together. In other
words, he foused on shared experiences, perspectives, values, beliefs, and
behaviors that let people feel connected to a group and believing that working
together to maintain the group is a similar matter of importance between all
group members.

All in all, Durkeim
liked to make his work be all about culture, and to this day his work is still
important to how sociologists practice sociology today.  We use his knowledge and theories to help
understand what holds us together as a society, how things manage to divide us,
and the way we decide to handle the situations in which we get divided.  

Durkheim’s viewpoint, he would presumably believe that Indians shake their
heads because it is a custom and gives them a sense of identity. It is a way of
communication that the Indians have between each other, and when they fulfill
their duty to others as a society, head movements are signs they use to

The most prominent
paradigm that this video presents is symbolic interactionism. Indians have been
accustomed to head shaking ever since they were young, because of the customs
of their family and their surroundings encouraging them to fit in to the norms
by shaking their heads as well. The paradigm symbolic interactionism is a
theory developed through people’s social norms and interaction. The American
philosopher George Herbert Mead is the one who introduced this paradigm in to
the world of sociology, in the 1920s.  Because symbolic interactionism is based on using
objects and customs to symbolize things, it is the one that best fits the video
I chose. The functionality of head shaking in Indians is to show familiarity
and express themselves as Indians, where they feel connected to each other. For
example, people in China often bow their heads when greeting someone older or
in a high position. The Indian head shake works the same way.