The main reason Europeans traveled to North America was to flee from religious persecution. The idea of land where they could obtain religious freedom motivated the Europeans to explore North America. An example of this is the Protestant Reformation. At that time, most of Europe was Roman Catholic, but it began to break in 1517 when Martin Luther, a Greek monk, nailed his 95 theses to the Church door. In these 95 theses, Luther stated that he didn’t believe in what they were doing and accused them of corruption by selling indulgences, or forgiveness of sins. Luther’s call for reform launched the Protestant Reformation and although the Catholic Church excommunicated Luther, his ideas began to spread. Luther also began his own church called the Lutherans, where Luther told everyone to read the bible for themselves and come to their own conclusions. This created chaos because people started to not agree with him or catholics which resulted new religions were being created. Henry VIII was the leader of one of these new religions created, called the Anglican Church. This Church was protestant, but contained many Catholic elements. Although some English people supported the Anglican church, others wanted to go further and “purify the Anglican church of any Catholic elements” (24). They were known as the Puritans. King James, although, was Protestant, and refused to make any changes to the Anglican Church, This caused many Puritans to leave England, many for America in search for religious freedom. Economic changes in England also created a motive for the Europeans to colonize in America. In the 1500’s, a large market for wool cloth developed. Landowners discovered that they could make more money by evicting their tenants and raising their sheep with their enclosed land. This left thousands of tenant farmers destitute. Due to these economic changes, the English traveled to North America in search of land in order to work. Once they were working, to market their wool and make a profit, they began joint-stock companies. ” By joining together and issuing stock, merchants were able to raise large amounts of money to fund major projects”(25). With these joint-stock companies could also afford setting up colonies in other parts of the world.