Support Children and Young People’s Health and Safety
1.1. Describe the factors to take into account when planning healthy and safe indoor and outdoor environments and services. When planning activities the first thing I ask myself of the desired surroundings is ‘is this a safe environment’. I would look at space, is there enough space to fit all the children into. Whether it’s a group of thirty children in a hall for PE or six children in a small room for an intervention I need to make sure there is no potential overcrowding issues that could lead to injuries. I normally do a quick risk assessment in my mind of the area looking for potential hazards. Common things I come across are objects blocking potential fire exits, foreign objects left in harm’s way, bulky items like tables or pianos. Weather comes into factor a lot. I am mindful of the cold during the autumn/winter months and encourage children to wrap up warm when working or going outside. During the summer months I encourage sun cream and keeping hydrated with regular water breaks. When teaching sport outside say for example on the field for football, I would do a quick risk assessment by checking the ground for holes, slippy areas and other such hazards. I keep an eye on what gates are left open and the risk outside people such as grass cutters or builders could pose to a group of children. Recently as a school me and the sports co-ordinator have been planning a dodgeball tournament and part of this has included a visit to St. Georges School to risk assess their sports hall to use.
We looked at size, accessibility and mainly at how many teams we could safely accommodate. We have also done this recently at our school for a football festival which ran safely and smoothly. For any activity we plan we make sure every child’s individual needs and requirements are catered for. We keep note of up to date medical issues as well as behavioural and emotional issues. The school has a well-practiced fire evacuation routine to follow and nearly every member of staff is first aid trained to ensure the safety of our children should anything happen to them. 1.2 Explain how health and safety is monitored and maintained and how people in the work setting are made aware of risks and hazards and encouraged to work safely. Children’s safety is a schools number one priority. This comes before anything else and a school works collectively as one to ensure that this is put into place. All members of staff follow the same policies and procedures to ensure the health and safety. As a school we have our own health and safety policy as well as a Kent county council health and safety policy.
http://www.st-peters-broadstairs.kent.sch.uk/_files/policies/F4AFCCE40774B1591FF77FA2557A3EEF.pdf https://shareweb.kent.gov.uk/Documents/jobs/working-for-us/KCC%20Gen%20State%20of%20Policy%20on%20Hlth,%20Sfty.pdf A school will communicate regularly with all children, staff and parents regarding any potential health and safety issues. Reminders are sent out in parent newsletters, messages are put onto the school website and regular first aid training is given. When lesson observations are undertaken, health and safety will be one of the requirements that need to be met and maintain. Any potential health and safety hazards that could occur need to be handled immediately. For example, I have seen fold up tables blocking fire exit doors after lunch has been cleared from the hall. Before going into the hall with the children I cleared the tables to a safe location. 1.4 Explain how current health and safety legislation, policies and procedures are implemented in own work setting or service. Even though these steps are in place, accidents will happen. Minor and major incidents will occur in a setting with so many children but the important thing is to make sure we log every detail of these incidents to build a clear picture of what happened as well preventing these incidents from happening again. It’s school policy to have a duty of care to our children.
A dedicated first aider is available to all children at all times. Accidents that occur during play and lunch time are logged in a notebook and more serious accidents are tended to at the office. Children with medical issues could pose a health and serious risk to themselves and others so we have to keep an up to date record of all conditions. A copy of medical care plans are kept in the staffroom for all staff to read. They are updated regularly and any new or updated information is relayed to us during teacher and support staff meetings. 2.4 Explain how health and safety risk assessments are monitored and reviewed Risk assessments are carried out for any activity that children could participate in. When leaving the school with children you need to cater for every factor. A teacher would visit the location beforehand to risk asses the area. The journey to and from needs to be planned and usually our school recruits volunteers to assist in the day