Art is the process of arranging elements in a way for you to use your senses and your emotions. It encompasses a diverse range of human activities, creations, and modes of expression. It includes music, literature, film, photography, sculpture, and paintings. Art can be considered as a distinct character reflection of a society. In comparing two periods or classification of art, the Rococo and the Neo-Classical periods may be compared as two opposing periods of art era.
From reading the text, there were two types of art styles that were brought about. The first type of art style is Rococo and the second style was Neoclassical. Rococo is a very decorative style based in France. Overtime it spread to most of Europe, but its acceptance was tied to religion and class. The only group to not recognize the Rococo was the English, primarily due to its erotic and sexual themes which offended the Protestant middle class. It was most often used in interior design, painting, architecture, and sculpture.
In the reign of King Louis XV, this type of art was most likely used all the time. The movement began in the 17th century when it was the rise of the middle class. Also, the death of Louis XIV around this time, the high society in Paris became the pinnacle of fashion. Rococo was very light, ornamental, and elaborates the style of art. It was identified by elegance and detailed ornamentation and the use of curved, asymmetrical forms. This style appealed to the senses rather than intellect, stressing beauty over depth.
The movement portrayed the life of the aristocracy, preferring themes of romance, mythology, fantasy, and of course every day life. Once again in the Rococo period, the tones of lighting were more profound and harsh. In addition to that, the exact and obvious contours of the figures in most of visual art creations. Most critics of that time regarded Rococo art as something frivolous and without a degree of depth. Rococo art can also be characterized to dwell on very light themes and subjects such as foliage, plants and animal figures hich concentrated on natural designs. For example, Antoine Watteau ‘s, “The Island of Cythera “, reflects that of a scene wherein fluffy color tones are very obvious with a background of light and calm scene of aggregated people . On the other hand you have neoclassical art. The Neo-Classical art period was characterized to be linked with the period’s political event thus making the visual arts adhere to themes of logic and clarity. With this type of art, came order and restraint.
This reaction developed in France in the mid-seventeenth century and in England thirty years later. It dominated European literature until the last part of the eighteenth century. This style is lucid, polished, and precisely appropriate to the genre of a work and the social position of its characters. Also that came along with this type of art is tragedy and high comedy. For example, it used the language of cultivated people and maintained a well-bred tone. Due to the structure like tone, neoclassical became more simple and unified.
Neo-Classical works were mainly influenced by the contemporary social structures of the Greek and Roman civilizations. Artworks were primarily produced on the basis of reflecting the political, economic and traditional aspects of these referenced societies. For a clear example, Francois Joseph Navez’s, “The fortune Teller” shows a rather solid outline of the individuals with highly toned colors. It can also be defined to have a darker light ambience reflecting the causality factor of the theme fortune telling. .