Still women double bind?
From a literary and feminist point of view, telling women in general may not be a panacea. Because no one is ever only a woman (defined by her gender), but always a person (shaped by a multitude of constraints and choices), the narrative works better in the singular. Thousands of centuries have been passed but still the issues of women such as, portray of women in a media or feminist criticism exist. It seemed that such a model of relations is a relic of the past, the fate of a generation tempered in the Soviet Union, but it turned out that even progressive youth believe that a woman has some innate mechanisms and built-in things that allow her to easily manage children and economy, and in men they are atrophied and can not be restored.
According to the reading, “Women in the novels remain trapped in the familiar ‘double bind’ (d’Almeida, Irène Assiba, Thelma Ravell-Pinto, and Lucie Viakinnou-Brinson ,pg.7) gives us detailed concept. The concept of double bind means is a special type of conflict in women that creates a “non-winning” situation; that is, a situation in which “you are damned if you do it, and you are damned if you do not do it”. The phenomenon of sexual objectification in novels is not always clearly defined in feminism, but basically it can be related to the fact that a person is perceived as an object for unequal sex in the interests of another person, and personal and professional qualities of a person not related to unequal sexuality are not attached importance. According to Uchenna Pamela Vasser in her critique of Manuel Zapata Olivella’s novels explains that Objectification is often associated with the commercialization of sexuality, including advertising, and with evaluation only on external qualities to the detriment of personal qualities while ignoring the abilities and interests of another person. Objectivization of women is associated with encouraging men of low selectivity, polygamy and a propensity for relationships without emotional intimacy (Captain-Hidalgo, Yvonne). Double standards that limit this behavior of women and women’s assessment of the beauty of the male body, often link this in men with selfishness in sex. The objectivization of women contributes to gender inequality in other spheres of personal and social life, placing women in a worse position than men as a group. It can serve as an excuse and, for example, for the nomination of women by material requirements towards men, which supports patriarchal gender inequality, limiting men.
Derek Walcott’s poems is stressing on the slavery in the ancient and modern era. In conditions of gender inequality, it is difficult to find cases when the objectification of men by women causes real harm to men. There are no such mass phenomena when only women, not men, receive orgasm in sex, women rarely show sexual violence and aggression in conditions of gender inequality, heterosexual prostitution is relatively rare when women buy men, and such prostitution less often harms men than women in prostitution. Objectification, including male evaluation by external data, usually does not cause discrimination in other areas. A handsome man will not be told that he can count on getting married with a rich woman, and he should not think about realizing in public and professional life, but only about home and children. Another question, that men have fewer opportunities to rely on economic benefits from a relationship with a rich partner of the opposite sex. But in any case, with outward attractiveness or adherence to the standards of appearance, men will generally have advantages, while women may discriminate both in non-conformity and in accordance with public perceptions of “correct” external data.
To conclude, the danger for a man can be the objectification of other men, including sexual violence and involvement in homosexual prostitution, and this is a matter of gender inequality that is transferred to same-sex relationships of both men and women. Appearance standards for men can be linked to public perceptions of “masculine” qualities, which contributes to the support of gender inequality, puts women in a worse position as a group than men, but in many ways, restricts men. But this phenomenon is less expressed than the stereotypes linking women’s external data to women’s traditional roles that put women in the worst position in society.
Captain-Hidalgo, Yvonne. The culture of fiction in the works of Manuel Zapata Olivella. Univ of Missouri Pr, 1993.
d’Almeida, Irène Assiba, Thelma Ravell-Pinto, and Lucie Viakinnou-Brinson, eds. Eco-imagination: African and Diasporan Literatures and Sustainability. Africa World Press, 2014