Statement with regard to livestock feed sector

Statement of the problem

Chain analysis is essential to understand the production system, marketing
channels and their relationships, the participation of different actors, and
the critical constraints that limit the growth of livestock feed sector and
consequently the competitiveness of farmers. Feed is one of the most important
element in livestock production system and hence to the growth of livestock
sector in the country as it accounts for around 65 per cent of the total cost
of production of an animal product. Scanty literature with regard to livestock
feed sector also makes it important to undertake this type of study. The sector
is dominated by unorganized sector. The study will help to identify the gaps
and inefficiencies along the value chain and recommend necessary interventions.

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Questions to be answered

study will attempt to answer the following:

What is the exact
nature of the value chain on livestock feed industry in Gujarat?

Who are the active
players in the Livestock Feed Value Chain and what do they actually do?

What is the extent of
linkage among the various stakeholders in the existing livestock feed value

How the product,
information and the money flows in the chain?

What are each actor’s
costs and revenues in the chain?

What are the problems
encountered by various stakeholders along the value chain?

What are the
government initiatives in the feed sector?

Objectives of the Study

main aim of the study is to conduct assessment of animal feed value chain with
view to identify potential intervention areas to enhance benefits to animal
feed and fodder producers and other value chain actors with following specific

To review the present
status of animal feed sector in Gujarat;

To identify the
various actors involved in livestock feed value chain in Gujarat;

To study the marketing
channel and marketing cost in livestock feed value chain in Gujarat;

To identify the
constraints in livestock feed value chain in Gujarat;

To study the challenges
and opportunities in the animal feed sector in Gujarat.


Research Hypotheses

There is no
association between fodder cultivation and dairy farming.

Fodder cultivation
does not depend on land holding size, irrigated land area, family size, social
group and dairy animal number.






Limitations of the Study

Every attempt has
been made to mitigate the errors which arise in social science research in
general and in field survey in particular. Even though, there could be some
inaccuracies owing to the following:

The respondents might not have shared the actual information
during data collection.

The samples may not be representative of the population of
the districts and in turn of the state.


Chapter Scheme

The Theses is presented in five
chapters and is as follows:

1)     The opening chapter
introduces the title. This chapter discusses about the concept of value chain,
application of value chain in agricultural sector including livestock,
livestock sector of the country, livestock sector of Gujarat, Different types
of feed, different sources of feed available. Status of feed industry at
national as well as state level, prevailing government policies with respect to
feed and fodder.

The chapter concludes with
identification of the research problem and objectives of the study.

2)     The second chapter on
review of literature enlightens the research work done on value chain in the
past under the following heads:

Literature on value chain mapping and value chain analysis
in agricultural sector.

Marketing efficiency of different channels of
product/commodity marketing.

Literature on livestock sector problems at
national/international and state level.

Other relevant literature

3)     The third chapter on
methodology focuses on methods of data collection and analytical tools used in
the course of study. This chapter has also highlighted the sampling methods
used and types of questionnaires designed for each category of stakeholders. A
brief description of area surveyed is also given in this chapter. The
analytical tools and techniques to be used has also been dealt in detail.

4)     The fourth chapter on
research findings discusses at length the results of the study under different
heads. The findings are presented in this chapter with respect to each of the

The fifth chapter of Summary and conclusion
summarizes the findings and the presents the conclusion of the study and
possible recommendations for the livestock feed sector.