Construction industry is a really alone and complex organisation. The activities is involved many parties from different sectors which is the proprietor, the adviser, the contractor, the provider, adult male power, finance and other sectors. These activities showed that the building industry generate activities in other industries and bring forthing a concatenation of economic activities.
Construction possesses alone features, which make the single planning of each undertaking indispensable. There are many be aftering techniques available which could be applied to any work, but it is by and large accepted that different 1s are more utile in different state of affairss and for different intents ( Michael J Mawdesley, William H.Askew, Saad H. Al-Jibouri, 2004 ) .
The pricing of Construction Contracts is by and large divided into three classs which is demand or constituent or installations that need to be provided prior to beginning of any existent execution of physical work. This class is by and large referred to as ‘Preliminaries ‘ .
Second classs is constituents that involve existent execution of chief plants and the 3rd classs is constituents that works or supplies that is by and large to be undertaken by contractors who have knowledge and installations that are relevant to the specialised nature of the work to be done. This works is categorized as ‘Prime Cost Items ‘ ( Gursharan Singh, 2008 ) .
The preliminaries subdivision in a measure of measures is one of the most of import subdivisions that require to be priced. In this subdivision the contractor must let for all affairs impacting his costs that arise out of the conditions of contract, any particular demands of his clients or their professional advisors, and for all impermanent plants necessary to the transporting out of the contract ( John A. Milne, 1980 ) .
As a general regulation, preliminary points, dwelling as they do of such generalizations, can non be measured and do non therefore require measures ( Colin Dent, M Phil, 1980 ) .
Preliminaries work is executed in the early phase of the building procedure. It is of import portion of stamp papers which need to be prepared by the Quantity Surveyor whom are knowing and has experience in fixing preliminaries and appraisal. It plays of import functions in act uponing the cost of a undertaking. Therefore, a item attending in readying and gauging preliminaries must take into consideration because any misconduct will do serious jobs to a undertaking. However, the others estimation portion in the stamp papers are fixed because of the demand in the designs made up by advisers.
Preliminary plants will be undertaken before major building commences. Preliminary plants are including prepare for building work on site, obtain consent to build, implement the clip activity programme prepared for the contract period and other related plants such as site clearances.
To do certain that all preliminary plants for the building of elevated interchanges at Jalan Pudu, Jalan Imbi and Jalan Hang Tuah will implement with swimmingly, a good cooperation between squad plants such as adviser and contractor and besides public must been take into considerations.
The jobs in supplying of preliminaries are the Preliminaries Bill non includes the of import point such as point for cleansing of public route. Besides that, incomplete and ill-defined information besides give the job because the calculator non receives the exact information to gauge that points and this will impact the cost. To work out this job, the Preliminaries Bill must look into clip to clip during its readying procedure.
The preliminary points that of import in a undertaking are:
Description of the plants
Impermanent entree route
Temporary site office
Impermanent lighting and power
Impermanent H2O for the plants
Temporary telephone and autotype
Programme of plants
Construction works and machine
Progress study and exposure
Site safety equipment
Condition of contract
Insurance policy coverage
The purpose of the research is to analyze and understand about the procedure of preliminary plants for the building of elevated interchange at Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Imbi and Jalan Hang Tuah junction.
There are a few aims in this survey that need to carry through to guarantee the overall of purpose of this survey is achieved. The aims are as follows:
To analyze the method of building in supplying preliminaries.
To analyze the cost involve on preliminaries work in the undertaking.
To place the factors that influences the cost for preliminaries.
To place the jobs occur during the preliminary plants.
Scope OF STUDY
The range of survey can be divided into a assorted facets as provided below:
Provision of Preliminaries
The survey will concentrate on the work done for provide preliminaries for the building of elevated interchange of Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Imbi and Jalan Hang Tuah. Comparisons to other undertaking that will be discussed which is mentioning to suggest the building of interchanges of Jalan Tun Razak/ Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Cheras and Jalan Chan Sow Lin ( Design and Build ) .
Cost direction and cost readying of preliminaries
The survey will foreground the cost surveies on the preliminaries of the undertaking and besides to look into the cost of preliminaries.
To obtain information and all necessary informations in fixing this thesis, the following method has been applied in order to acquire valuable information for the hunt of methodological analysis: –
1.6.1 Literature Review ( secondary informations )
These include Bill of Quantities, diaries, articles from magazines and cyberspace and related books. Titles of each stuff involved, the publishing houses, day of the month of publication and the writers are enclosed in this thesis in the References subdivision.
Site Visit and Interviews ( primary informations )
This method used to roll up information on how to fix and estimates Preliminaries Bill. Interviews are conducted with related representative of the undertaking to acquire their sentiment about the preliminaries. The both method are used the building of elevated interchange at Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Imbi and Jalan Hang Tuah as the undertaking and the building of interchanges of Jalan Tun Razak/ Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Cheras and Jalan Chan Sow Lin ( Design and Build ) as the comparing undertaking.
Comparison between proposed undertaking
All informations and information will be collected and analyzed based on selected undertaking and besides comparing undertaking which are the undermentioned:
The building of elevated interchange at Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Imbi and Jalan Hang Tuah.
The building of interchanges of Jalan Tun Razak/ Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Cheras and Jalan Chan Sow Lin ( Design and Build ) .
Aim and Aims
Site Visit and Interview
Analyzed the Data
Decision and Recommendations
Figure 1.1: Research Procedure
TENTATIVE CHAPTER HEADINGS
Chapter 1 – Introduction
This chapter will covers the aims, range of survey and the methodological analysis employed in order to accomplish the purpose of this survey. It besides consists of a general lineation of the survey.
Chapter 2 – THE Undertaking
This chapter focuses on the undertaking such as the background, the parties involved and the procurance.
Chapter 3 – Overview ON THE PRELIMINARIES
This Chapter will explicate in inside informations about how the building executed at the site, place chief constituent in the preliminary plant and will foreground the jobs that occur during supplying and gauging preliminaries and how the related parties control, proctor and work out the jobs.
Chapter 4 – THE COST STUDY ON THE PROJECT
This chapter represents the cost involved in order to finish the preliminary plants of the undertaking and the comparing of cost with other similar undertaking which is propose the building of interchanges of Jalan Tun Razak/ Jalan Pudu/ Jalan Cheras and Jalan Chan Sow Lin ( Design and Build ) .
Chapter 5 – Decision AND RECOMMENDATIONS
This concluding chapter provides the decisions of the thesis derived from old chapter. It provides some recommendation based on the findings of the survey.