Nursing as a health care profession has been used to solve the crisis that comes about with the abandonment of children. It plays a major role through organized guidance and counseling programs. It also has the aim of maintaining health and giving treatment to those that have suffered illness or have been physically and mentally hurt especially as a result of abandonment. They have been able to use psychiatrists and counselors to help children cope with life after the abrupt change of events that come with the being abandoned.
Latchkey kids spend most of the time alone at home due to parents’ commitment at work. This means that they have inadequate supervision from parents. This phenomenon came more evident during the world war 11, where parents were enrolled in the armed forces and other related jobs leaving children at home all alone.
Parenthood is a responsibility for raising, nurturing and caring for children. It is a societal need that aims at healthy maintenance and growth of young ones. Infants usually depend on parents or guardians to provide and help them grow and lead their every day lives. Parenthood is a responsibility bestowed upon parents to have concern and a good relationship with the children as they grow. This relationship helps them in growing and having encounter with the outside world. Abandonment of infants has been a social crisis that has left children with no one to take care of them. This has forced them to work and meet the challenges of life at tender age. In fact abandonment has led to child abuse and neglect, emotional, physical and even sexual abuse. Violence has caused pain in children and their lives are too hard to bear. In physical abuse, harsh disciplinary measures have injured and even caused death of children in many regions of the world. (Lynn 2005)
Newborn abandonment has translated to lack of, social, physical, mental concern over them. These are very important concerns that cause effective growth and development of such children. The society is unable to solve this crisis that would lead to social crime, violence, drug-use and other related criminal activities.
It is evident that essential cultural standards for caring for children leads to increased morality in the society. Furthermore culture and religion see parental love as the ultimate dedication of selfless devotion in caring and nursing children. Interfered development can lead to harmful social effects. This is attributed to lack of good counsel and adult supervision. This psychological feeling of loneliness, stress and abandonment possess a great challenge on the life of children who spend time alone, wondering about how they can face another day. (Jack et al 2004)
Care from parents and caregivers usually have the greatest influence in the emotional development of children especially at their tender age. The relationship that develops when parents show love and care helps the developing young ones to have confidence, being motivated and encouraged to face challenges of life. Many times, parents do not understand the impact that they have when they develop closeness with their children. They should understand that having close and ongoing interaction with their children is a fundamental and contributing factor to maximum growth and development. Parents are important instruments through which they can learn, appreciate and grow to maturity. It is unfortunate that some parents often feel inadequate with the appropriate approach to the emotional and social needs of their children. (Anna 2005)
When parents develop an attachment it promotes their growth and maturity. Such closeness is built when parents or caregivers respond to infant cries or when they satisfy their need such as food, play toys or giving them a smile. Through a child’s instinct they develop the close tie of affection. Such parenthood promotes early cognitive stimulation that enhances their intellectual capacity to reason and analyze situations in life. This is an important learning and development skills for the new born and the young children. Care giving that nurses the sensory experience of young ones helps the child to learn of emotions and more importantly, they are in a position to learn how to handle them. http://needykids.com/abandoned_children.htm
Sensitive care is a motivating factor for children to build confidence and to demonstrate utmost persistence and self esteem through out life. When care is not given child abuse and neglect leads to physical and sexual abuse, death and injury. Through physical abuse children have been killed through maltreatment, with a majority permanently disabled or suffering serious injuries. Much pain and suffering has been inflicted on children by parents, and relatives and this raises concern over the parental capacity to offer care and protection on their children.
This problem has led to violent behavior being passed on from generation to generation. The harsh conditions of life lead to arrogance and resistance to change of behavior. Physical abandonment exposes the growing child to many difficulties ranging from abuse, neglect and health complications. Scientific approach on parenthood has been of great help especially because of the development of birth control programs. Parenthood should be well planned and calculated through use of reproductive management. Such an approach has been impressive and suggest for a healthy approach to the responsibility of parenting. (Anna 2005)
The marriage roles have also changed from time to time and this has been a challenge that the society has to have a way of dealing with it. Women especially have been empowered and even pursue career dreams by spending long hours and days away from their young children. On the other hand, globalization has led to distant working of many parents and this has left children under their own care. It is however a challenge to these parents especially because it is at times beyond their control. They therefore have a social responsibility to find a caregiver for their children so that they have adult supervision and care while they are away.
It is necessary to appreciate the behavior and beliefs in the culture of our old parents who fed and housed very many children, giving care and love despite lack of resources during their times. Cultural systems also had roles of particular persons and especially mothers who were appropriate for raising and nursing young children. Fathers had a responsibility of providing and offering security for their families. (Lynn 2005)
Problem solving skill
In the United States legal measures can be taken for those parents whose children suffer harm or injury in the absence of parental supervision. Through various organizations and the collaboration of the police force, help has been made available to the abandoned children. (Marian 2003)
As children grow, they need to be under the guidance and counsel of a dependable parent or guardian. This is important because as the young one grows in the society they are able to demonstrate social maturity, and modesty. Among the care giving skills that are fundamental in raising a respective adult is one who has problem solving skills. This usually occurs as a result of nurturing that helps children to interact with the society and be able to relate well. It also creates social fitness in matters affecting the society, nation or world over. When children lack this skill they are in a risk of identity crisis because they are not able to understand their emotions or those of their friends.
It is important to mention that as one develops, problems are bound to occur. A coherent approach about how these problems and situations can be solved remains a dilemma in children who are abandoned and only come face to face with the problem. In such an instance, it shows that no time has ever been dedicated to pass knowledge and counsel about how each situation is handled. When these skills are not known to them it brings conflicts that can lead to depression, anxiety, loneliness and discrimination. Interactions and discussions are some of the social and cultural practices that create a cohesive relationship between parents and children. Young children can learn how to handle problems through maintained closeness that bears fruit in teaching and molding young lives. (Lynn 2005)
Parents have a social responsibility to teach and advise their children on the diversity and complexity of various issues of life. This prepares them well in advance for any eventualities that require their decision-making skills. Through this their intellectual capacity is increased and their development is enhanced. The supportive adult-child interactions are the major contributing factors that enable children to learn how to solve various situations that may come their way. In problem solving tasks, children are able to have skills that help them in their academic performance and in their social life. http://www.gcts.edu/ockenga/globalchristianity/mmrc/mmrc9818.htm
There are many gains to early problem solving skills being adopted in infants as this strengthens their confidence in facing the reality of life. It builds increased thinking abilities as they explore and solve problems with the help of parents, caregivers, and teachers.
The experience that children have as they grow can be affected by the specific child rearing situations. This is to mean that the quality of nurturing and care given has a close relation to his/her problem solving abilities. Abandoned infants who have no opportunity to receive such care are in social crisis as no proper guidance or counseling has been offered to them. The opportunity to develop problem-solving skills has been compromised and as a result life situations appear harder as they try to solve and bear the heavy burden of living alone. (Tom 2005)
The nursing department aims at giving good guidance and counseling to the children. Besides taking care of their health concerns they are able to address their developmental needs. There would include food supplements that increase mental growth and development of the child. Nurses are able to monitor the behavior of these children at close range and can identify nutritional needs deficient in the child and that they are able to provide as much as they can.
Communication is an important aspect in parenthood as it communicates the relationship that exists between parents and children. Non-violent communication strengthens family relationship, as there is freedom of expression and good interpretation through the responses given. This also builds on the problem solving knowledge since they can analyze, and find amicable solution with the intervention of a parent or guardian. Through communication, it encourages the responsibility of a parent to give proper guidelines, advice and counsel whenever necessary. With abandoned infants, they are victims of violence, neglect and as a result they are often abused. The surrounding environment sounds cruel on them and they seem not to understand the harsh way of life. Young children that ought to have been in the hand of caring, committed and loving parents are subjected to situations that are far too complex for their tender age and minds.
Without proper and good communication they cannot capture the good life skills such as conflict resolution and as a result they feel burdened with issues of life. As they struggle to make ends meet, their determination to improve their social and emotional competence is many times without much success. Religion and culture have the obligations of parents providing for their children and supporting their development at all costs. The mere neglect and abandonment, is a breach of the major responsibility and duty of a parent towards their infants.http://needykids.com/abandoned_children.htm
When care is not provided, crime, violence and social incompetence is the outcome that leads to an immoral society. Adult supervision is a major contributing factor to the growth and development of children. The adult involvement helps develop empathy and especially through cooperative discussions and learning programs. Harsh treatment communicates anger and bitterness. More often the child is speechless and cannot open up his or her mind for fear of victimization. Children who grow under such cruelty are usually oppressed and have no chance to put forth their ideas or complain.
The nursing profession also aims at initiating friendly relations with the children so that they can be helped out of the trauma of being abandoned. The healthy social concerns of the child are addressed at various levels. Non violent communication skill of the nurses is a contributing factor to the social fit of the children with the society. (Marian 2003)
Violent environment leads to child withdrawal syndrome and consequently they are unable to associate well with other children. They also seek to have quiet moments with themselves and this is very risky as it may be a cause for depression and mental inability. Children under these pressures usually seek for an opportunity where they can counteract and mostly this leads to violent activities, identity crisis and engaging in criminal activities. Children who are nurtured in a non-violent environment are stable in mind, organized in thought and experience freedom of speech as they air their views, dissatisfaction and other needs. Abandoned infants rarely enjoy such a provision and as they grow and develop the effects of this may be seen even when they are fully grown as they become rude, aggressive, arrogant and bullies to other people in society.
Infant abandonment is bound to the greatest denial as far as parental care and concerns are needed by the young and needy child. Nurses bear the burden of closing the gap by acting as professional parents who can give the care needed by the children. Some of the abandoned infants are at critical life threatening situations and the intervention of the nurses is a worthwhile move that saves lives.
A number of the abandoned infants are usually born pre term and so the professional responsibility of the nurses is to provide an incubator that provides all the environmental needs as well as the nutritional needs of the kids. Through close monitoring of the child’s response to the care given they are able to address new measures that can be put in place to maximize the chances of survival and full recovery. (Jack et al 2004)
Abandonment carries a lot of implications in the physical, social and health status of infants. This is as a result of inadequate healthcare in prevention and cure of diseases. Mental health problems due to abusive behavior on abandonment children lead to psychosocial problems, depression and risky behaviors. Lack of nurturing and appropriate guidance affects child behavior. When parents show no concern for their children, they deny them an important aspect that may have great impact of their future. The lack of involvement by parents leads to low esteem and social incompetence and this becomes a burden to the society. (Tom 2005) (Marian 2003)
Mental illnesses results from emotional abuse and neglect. Physical insults can also lead to health complications such as disability and even death. Harsh disciplinary measures affect childhood behavior and in most cases, they result to being violent and engaging in criminal activities.
Mental ability in the children is a great asset to the society as it can rely on them even in the future. When well taken care of the children have to give back to the society by being a responsible adult. The society can also depend on them for support in terms of ideas and directions in which issues affecting the society can be solved. Such a society has high moral standards and as the society at large acts as the role model to the rest who are born and brought up in that environment. When parents fail to meet the needs of their children concerning their health, they risk infections and falling sick since they are very vulnerable to disease causing agents while at the tender age. Vaccination or immunization is a program that aims at giving increased immunity on young children. Most abandoned infants have no record of immunization or vaccination and so this poses them with the danger of falling sick more often. The responsibility of parents is to offer health care to their children, as this is crucial to their growth and development. When parents show no commitment to seeking medical and health interventions they have denied the child the right to healthy living. Abandoned children therefore need to have the care of devoted caregivers who can look into the needs and concerns of the child. (Jack et al 2004)
When children are mentally healthy they are able to develop their self esteem and are morally upright in terms of discerning right from wrong.
During growth and development the nutritional requirements of young infants is very demanding. Energy giving foods, protective and building foods must be provided in their meals. Abandoned children have no chance but to feed on the meager resources available. Bad nutritional habits lead to ill health and the health of such a child is at risk. At the same time, the concern about allergic foods or the knowledge of quality is unknown to these young children. When young ones are taking care of their siblings, the danger of feeding allergic foods without realizing it is very high. This is the reason as to why they need the assistance of parents or adult intervention to prevent further harm of death.
In some instances, infants are abandoned in harsh environmental conditions and only after the intervention of medical professionals these children are nursed in hospital nurseries until they recover. Children are also abandoned in obscene places such as near garbage centers, roads or near hospitals and in other areas and good Samaritans often take them to orphanages. The inhumane act leaves children with health complications that they have to live with in their entire life. Such kind of neglect may change the life of the innocent kid. Caregivers should be taught on the essential procedure that is required so that they can make effort to put back the lives of these children back to normal. http://needykids.com/abandoned_children.htm
It has been a social responsibility and the society has responded to this ill practice by constructing homes and orphanages that care for abandoned infants. A good gesture has been experienced through the financial and moral support of religious groups, the government and other organizations. Volunteers have shown up in these institutions and they offer counseling, care and rebuilding the lives of children. Adults should protect the infant from any harm and this is the major right and responsibility needed for abandoned children. Adults should protect the infant from any harm and this is the major right and responsibility needed for abandoned children.
Latchkey children suffer so much an in 1977 psychoanalyst Selma Freiberg gave a warning to American society of bringing up a generation of children suffering from the ‘disease of non attachment’. It was learnt that juvenile crimes had increased as suicide and suicide attempts had been reported. On the issue of being robed of human rights, Freiberg quotes ‘if we take the evidence seriously, we must look upon a baby deprived of human partners as a baby in deadly peril. This is a baby who is being robbed of his humanity” http://needykids.com/abandoned_children.htm(Tom 2005)
Health concerns are so much needed as is seen in breastfeeding. This practice is usually the first of the interrelationship that builds an intimate bond between the mother and the child. Through breastfeeding the baby learns and appreciates the feeling of an assurance of good care. The provisions of a parent help an infant grow healthy and also develop his or her full potential into adulthood. If health obligations are not met, the mental health and mental ability will affect the way of life of an infant as they grow into adulthood.
Nurses play a main role into the development of abandoned infants by making provisions such as milk supplements. The nutritive measure of all the elements used in the manufacture of this kind of milk aims at meeting the health needs of the infant. The close monitor also dictated the amount of each supplement needed by the infants of various age groups.
The society, religious groups and the government should address the issues affecting abandoned infants. These should address the need for children’s self esteem being rebuilt once more. With the torture, pain and suffering experienced most of the children have the traumatizing effect but through combined effort of support groups, volunteers and the society, such children can be helped to experience love and care by the community. The medical profession play their important role in giving good counseling, psychiatric interventions, and medical relieves. Through the collaboration of the government and other organizations, set up of rehabilitation centers are among the building steps to the many abandoned children. (Anna 2005)
Parenthood is a leap of faith and it is a right for a child to have care and protection of a parent. This helps them to achieve their full potential as they advance in age and in knowledge. Many children however, are unfortunate and have no safety, care and guidance from parents. As discussed, it is important to nurture the skills and capacities of young people by showing love, care and concern. They should be protected from diseases, violence and unjust treatment from the society. Young minds need to be nurtured fully so that they improve on performance, confidence and ultimately they will be of help to the society. They require be mentored, guided and advised whenever necessary.
The parents however, should take charge of their responsibility because children are in need of their assurance and so they should show care and devote themselves for the sake of their children. (Marian 2003)
The nursing profession and other medical professionals have had collaborative efforts with other scientists in the manufacture of birth control pills. Nurses in their capacity are able to give proper guidance of the contraceptive programmer. This is in an effort to prevent unwanted children who are a social burden when care is not given to them. This will lessen the burden left to the society and the pain and suffering of such a child. Abandoned and unclaimed children continue to suffer the cost of living away from their parents. They are most of the time under the mercy of the government or guardians. Children who are rescued from this are adopted by the government which offers all the care they could give. It would be an encouraging concern if guardians and caregivers could be empowered so that they can give the love and care needed by children.
Divorce and death of parents leave children traumatized by the effect of change and separation of their source of care and love. Others may opt to make their way out of abusive families, harsh living conditions and from drunken parents. The abusive treatment comes from parents, step parents and relatives. The children will always seek to find a peaceful life away from these people and only plan to have life in the streets.
As a parent, one should be able to dedicate their entire life to the prosperity of their children. They should teach them to embrace life as it presents itself rather than running away from the reality. They should put additional efforts of preventing rebellion of children by being role models in their life. They should demonstrate love, concern and devotion to the healthy success of children. When parents understand the duty that they have been given on their children, they will appreciate the need to give the best for their children.
Justin D. L. Abandoned children and infants http://www.gcts.edu/ockenga/globalchristianity/mmrc/mmrc9818.htm retrieved on Friday, April 04, 2008
http://needykids.com/abandoned_children.htm retrieved on Friday, April 04, 2008
Anna L., (2005) Social Problems: Community, Policy, and Social Action:Pine Forge Press
Jack C, Mark V. H, LeAnn T.(2004):Chicken Soup for the Caregiver’s Soul: Stories to Inspire Caregivers in the home, community and the world. HCI
Marian E. B. (2003) The Baffled Parent’s Guide to Sibling Rivalry:McGraw-Hill Professional
Lynn C. F. (2005) May the Circle Be Unbroken: An Intimate Journey:iUniverse Publishers
Tom D., (2005) Sacred Work: Planned Parenthood and Its Clergy Alliances Rutgers University Press