Music Effect On Heart Rate Biology Essay

Smoke has an immediate consequence and long-run effects on the bosom rate of any individual. While smoking the bosom rate can increase up to 30 % whereas the long term effects on the bosom rate are non truly seen in the resting bosom rate if comparing a tobacco user and a non-smoker.

The hypothesis of this probe is that If the topic is running with classical music ( type 1 ) so the bosom rate will be less than compared to a topic running with metal music ( type 2 ) due to the sympathetic system because this type of music might do the system to originate a protective response such as changing the bosom rate. If the topic is a tobacco user so there might be a little addition in the bosom rate.

Speed of the treadmill – The velocity of the treadmill has to be kept at changeless velocity for the proving topics to acquire dependable consequences. To command this variable the treadmill will be kept at a changeless velocity of 10 stat mis per hr.

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Time of running – The clip a topic is running on the treadmill has to be kept at a changeless sum of clip for all the proving topics to acquire dependable consequences. To command this variable the sum of clip a topic is running will be 2 proceedingss.

Time a vocal is played – The clip a vocal is played has to be kept at the same sum of clip for all the proving topics to acquire dependable consequences. To command this variable the clip a vocal is played for a topic running will be kept as 2 proceedingss.

Volume of vocal – The volume a vocal is played has to be kept at the same volume degree for all the proving topics to acquire dependable consequences. To command this variable the volume degree for the testing topics will be 8 ( 16/8 )

Capable

The age of the proving topics has to be kept in a specific scope to acquire dependable consequences. To command this variable, the age of the proving topics will be from 16 to 18.

The gender of the proving topics has to be kept the same of all the proving topics to acquire dependable consequences. To command the gender all the topics will be male.

Location/ Temperature – The location, where the experiment, takes topographic point should be the same for all the proving topics to command this variable merely one gym is in usage. The temperature must be kept at a invariable to acquire dependable consequences to command this variable the temperature will be kept at a changeless grade of 24 Celsius.

Smokers/ Non- tobacco users -The topics will either be tobacco user or non- tobacco user to acquire the dependable consequences. To command this variable topic A to E will be non-smoker and topics F to J will be tobacco user.

II. Materials and Methods

Materials:

Treadmill

Stopwatch

Calculator

iPod ( mp3/CD participant )

Earphones

Writing stuff and paper

Method:

Measure subjectA?s bosom rate at remainder by:

Locating pulsation on cervix or custodies with two fingers together

Count the sum of bosom beats in 15 seconds

Multiply figure by four to happen out beats per minute

Connect mp3 participant to earpieces and wear earpieces

Stand on treadmill and choose a ‘Classical ‘ piece of music

Set treadmill at 10 stat mis per hr

While piece is playing run on treadmill at the velocity of 10 stat mis per hr for 2 proceedingss

Remove earpieces and delay for 45 seconds to mensurate the recovery bosom rate

Repeat stairss from i-iii

Allow topic to rest for 5 proceedingss and allow relaxation of breath and bosom rate

Repeat stairss c-f with a ‘heavy metal ‘ piece

Repeat stairss i-iii

Repeat stairss a-j two more times after a remainder of about 5-10 proceedingss

III. Datas

Raw Data Table: Heart Rate

Controlled Variable

Resting Breathing Rate ( beats per minute )

Independent Variable

Dependent Variable: Heart Rate ( beats per minute )

Capable

Type of music

1st reading

2nd reading

3rd reading

Mean

A

72

Type 1

84

85

84

84.3

Type 2

85

86

85

85.3

Bacillus

75

Type 1

88

87

88

87.6

Type 2

86

87

89

87.0

C

73

Type 1

84

83

82

83.0

Type 2

85

84

84

84.3

Calciferol

69

Type 1

81

81

81

81.0

Type 2

82

82

83

82.3

Tocopherol

76

Type 1

88

86

87

87.0

Type 2

88

88

89

88.3

F

77

Type 1

89

87

88

88.0

Type 2

89

89

88

88.6

Gram

72

Type 1

85

86

86

85.6

Type 2

87

87

86

86.6

Hydrogen

87

Type 1

110

109

108

109

Type 2

111

112

109

110.6

I

69

Type 1

82

83

82

82.3

Type 2

82

83

83

82.6

Joule

89

Type 1

112

111

112

111.6

Type 2

114

112

111

112.3

Qualitative Data Table: Change in Breathing Rate

Capable

Did take a breathing rate addition?

A

Yes

Bacillus

Yes

C

Yes

Calciferol

Yes

Tocopherol

Yes

F

Yes

Gram

Yes

Hydrogen

Yes, to a great extent

I

Yes

Joule

Yes, to a great extent

Quantitative Data Table: Change in Heart Rate

Controlled Variable

Resting Breathing Rate ( beats per minute )

Independent Variable

Dependent Variable: Heart Rate ( beats per minute )

Capable

Type of music

Mean

Change in bosom rate

A

72

Type 1

84.3

12.3

Type 2

85.3

13.3

Bacillus

75

Type 1

87.6

12.6

Type 2

87.0

12.0

C

73

Type 1

83.0

11

Type 2

84.3

12.3

Calciferol

69

Type 1

81.0

12

Type 2

82.3

13.3

Tocopherol

76

Type 1

87.0

11

Type 2

88.3

12.3

F

77

Type 1

88.0

11

Type 2

88.6

11.6

Gram

72

Type 1

85.6

13.6

Type 2

86.6

14.6

Hydrogen

87

Type 1

109

22

Type 2

110.6

23.6

I

69

Type 1

82.3

13.3

Type 2

82.6

13.6

Joule

89

Type 1

111.6

22.6

Type 2

112.3

23.3

IV. Data processing & A ; presentation

Overview

All the information is processed in saloon diagrams to demo the relation between type 1 and type 2 music every bit good as the relation between tobacco users and non-smokers best.

Calculation

To do the natural informations more utile, the average value and therefore the alteration in the bosom rate was being calculated.

Calculating the average value:

Example a )

Capable

Resting Heart Rate

Type of music

1st reading

2nd reading

3rd reading

A

72

Type 1

84

85

84

Add all the three readings together and so split by 3 to acquire the average value, which is 84,3 for topic A, type 1 of the music.

Calculating the alteration in the bosom rate:

Example B )

Capable

Resting Heart Rate

Type of music

Mean

A

72

Type 1

84.3

Subtract the value of the resting bosom rate from the average value to acquire the value of the alteration in the bosom rate, which is 12,3 for topic A, type 1 of the music.

Processed informations & A ; graphs

graph 1.0 alteration in bosom rate: non- tobacco users

graph 1.2 alteration in bosom rate: tobacco users

graph 2.0 average bosom rate smokers/ non-smokers

graph 2.1 types of music ‘s consequence on bosom rate ( tobacco users and non-smokers )

V. Discussion

a ) Decision

Type of music: The type of music did non impact the bosom rate every bit much as expected this can be seen in graph 2.1. It did non impact the tobacco users or the non-smokers bosom rate which can be seen with capable I ( tobacco user ) and C ( non-smoker ) . There is merely a little addition in type 2 music, holding a higher bosom rate. This could besides be due to the fact that the type 1 music was played foremost and hence the topic felt more tired when the 2nd type of music was played so the bosom rate increased.

Smoker/ Non-Smoker: The topic being a tobacco user or a non-smoker did non consequence the bosom rate a batch. Two topics seem to hold a truly high bosom rate ( H and J ) ( seen in graph 1.2 ) which could be due to the fact that the smoked before making the experiment. Smoking can increase the bosom rate by about 30 % and this can so last for at least 10 proceedingss. In graph 2.0 it can be seen that there is non much difference between tobacco users and non-smokers they have about the same values of the bosom rate with both types of music. With making the qualitative informations test one can see that the topics H and J had a heavier external respiration after making the experiment this might besides be due to the smoke right before making the exercising.

B ) Evaluation

Some of the topics had a higher bosom rate in the 2nd and 3rd reading besides with the 2nd type of music because this was tested 2nd. The experiment took topographic point in lone one twenty-four hours this might had an affect on the bosom rate because the topics got tired after running for a piece. To better this the experiment could be done over a few yearss with interruptions in between the following clip.

Merely the male gender was tested so it could non be seen what for illustration smoke has for an consequence on the bosom rate of a female topic and therefore at that place besides could non be a comparing done.

The clip a topic was running was kept at 2 proceedingss to see a greater consequence on what different types of music have on the bosom rate the topics might hold to run for at least 5 proceedingss to see an obvious difference.

The bosom rate was tested by numbering the bosom beats with puting two fingers on the topics manus or cervix so at that place might hold been mistakes in numeration and multiplying the bosom rate decently to better this the following clip a bosom rate proctor could be used.

VI. Mentions

hypertext transfer protocol: //www.heartmonitors.com/exercisetips/heart_rate_basics.htm

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