Keya SanghaviEnglish – Assignment 118 January 2018Mythological References in J.K Rowling’s Harry PotterThe Harry Potter Series occupies seven positions on the top 10 best selling books of all time. The books have been published in 80 languages and have sold more than 500 million copies worldwide. The series has also been made into a successful movie franchise consisting of 8 movies. There are also spin-off franchises like Fantastic Beasts and Cursed Child. In addition, there are video games based on the series, along with upcoming smartphone games. Overall, the franchise and its related properties are estimated to be worth over $25 billion. The universal appeal of Harry Potter is rooted in the richness of the magical world and the complexity of its characters. The fame of the series can be partially attributed to its connections to many ancient myths and historical references based on different cultures like Greek, Hindu and Roman. This report will highlight a few of these connections, mainly Greek and Hindu.Harry Potter and the Greek MythologyJK Rowling took most of her inspiration for the Greek myths. Many of the Harry Potter characters have been adapted into many forms of some very ancient myths:Fluffy: Fluffy, a three-headed dog guarded the Philosopher’s Stone in the series. Just like in Greek Mythology, Cerberus who is also a three-headed dog that protects the entrance to the ‘Underworld’, he is lured & put to sleep by Orpheus (during his visit to the Underworld) with his gift of music. Exactly like when Harry, Ron and Hermione get past Fluffy by playing Hagrid’s flute.Other Characters: Various characters in the series have names and attributes derived from Greek myths such as Sirius Black and Hermione Granger. The character of Sirius Black is derived from the Greek myth of Orion and his loyal pet dog, and we can see this by the fact that Black is an Animagus (a wizard who can transform into a particular animal at any time, his being a loyal and faithful dog). One of the lead character: Hermione Granger was inspired by the Greek princess of Sparta; smart, hardworking, and the fact that her parents left her, leaving her in charge. Groups: The Veelas in Greek mythology are known as the Sirens, who are beautiful but dangerous women that lured sailors to shipwreck with their captivating voices. Just like the Veelas of the Bulgarian Quidditch team, were beautiful women who could captivate men.Harry Potter and Its Connection to the Hindu MythologyVoldemort: Voldemort’s character is derived from the Hindu myth of ‘Nagini’. Nagini is the female version of Naga, the serpent avatar, and Voldemort’s pet snake’s name was also Nagini. His name signifies death not only to Harry as he killed his parents, but also literally.’Vol de mort’ means ‘fight for death’ or ‘steal from death’ in French.Deathly Hallows Tale: The tale of the Deathly Hallows revolving around the three brothers could be a connection to the Hindu Myth of Rama, Parashurama and Krishna (even though they are not brothers per se). The three avatars of Lord Vishnu are very similar to the brothers. Parashurama was a warrior and had a strong tendency to use powerful weapons just like how the first brother took the Elder wand from Death. Rama was heartbroken that the love of his life Sita had been taken away from him and could do anything to get her back, precisely how the second brother takes the Resurrection Stone from Death. While on the other hand, Krishna is kind and a brilliant strategist, and was the only one who outsmarted Death in the end by taking the Invisibility Cloak. Just like Harry Potter, many other books and series are universally connected through history. J.K Rowling put the Classics degree to use to helped create the land and characters of Harry Potter by manipulating various ancient myths and classics from around the world, which in a way helps people relate to the series. She incorporated many classical elements (significantly Greek) into the books making it historically real and one of a kind, with every character and thing having its own saga to fall back on.