In . . and it cried .

another scene the author takes us to Hetty’s bedchamber. The young lady, who is
filled with romantic thoughts and ideas for Arthur, starts her practicing what
she likes most. She wears earrings and some other kinds of jewelry that are
kept hidden and looks at herself with admiration. She pictures that she and
Arthur would be married and she goes around the room impersonating a great

   We can
see that throughout the whole novel the writer is concentrating on a very
common human feeling which is selfishness as portrayed in Hetty and her acts
towards others especially who are close to her and from the same social class,
like Hetty’s reaction when Mrs. Poyser informs her that Thias Bede is dead when
she doesn’t show any compassion and is rather indifferent.

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   Another image of selfishness is when Hetty
starts dealing with Adam more nicely and she is calm most of the time and seems
to be more happy by the sight of him after Arthur abandons her by just sending
a letter in which she realizes that Adam is only her relief so she says yes for
his marriage proposal because she is longing for security and the feeling of
being protected. Hetty’s ignorance of how much others will be affected by her
actions is portrayed when she discovers her pregnancy and thinks about killing
herself  but she is too scared to do it
and at the end decides to flee towards Arthur, all the way to Windsor where he
is camping with his militia. She lies to Adam by saying that she is visiting
Dinah for the period of a week and runs away without anybody suspecting

  The dramatization of the human acts of self
preservation and fear of shame in a real convincing picture is presented in the
novel when Hetty kills her own baby and buries him under a tree leaving away
without feeling of maternal love and any regret of losing this child:

At last Hetty
whispered, “I did do it, Dinah . . . I buried it in the wood . . . the little
baby . . . and it cried . . . I heard it cry . . . ever such a way off . . .
all night . . . and I went back because it cried.” She paused, and then spoke
hurriedly in a louder, pleading tone. “But I thought perhaps it wouldn’t
die—there might somebody find it. I didn’t kill it—I didn’t kill it myself. I
put it down there and covered it up, and when I came back it was gone . . . . I
daredn’t go back home again—I couldn’t bear it. I couldn’t have bore to look at
anybody, for they’d have scorned me. I thought o’ you sometimes, and thought
I’d come to you, for I didn’t think you’d be cross with me, and cry shame on
me. (Adam Bede 593-594)


nature always leads human beings to fear of scandal and shame, so that it may
make a person do anything in order to escape punishment and shame, even
committing a murder, because the sense of scandal and shame is something that a
person cannot afford.

    Eliot’s intelligence sparks in portraying the
English society at that time by dramatizing the life style exactly as it is,
without artificially creating plots or characters to fit the image of how the
world ought to be, this personifies well in the character Captain Arthur
Donnithorne who is the grandson and the hire of squire in the story.


    Arthur is a nice, open-to- the people,
young man whom the villagers all love and respect, he is kind to all his
tenants and therefore popular between them, the captain considers himself as a
noble man, Arthur, on the other hand, is convinced he is a good man, but the
story has shown that his evil deeds have consequences.

      Concerning human nature, humans love beauty,
especially men. They love the beauty of the outer shape and do not care about
the beauty of the soul. This shows how Arthur is dazzled with the beauty of
Hetty when he goes to the dairy in the house of the Poyser’s to watch this
beautiful girl and talk to her, not as it appears to people that he is coming
to check the tenants:


There are
various orders of beauty, causing men to make fools of themselves in various
styles, from the desperate to the sheepish; but there is one order of beauty
which seems made to turn the heads not only of men, but of all intelligent
mammals, even of women. It is a beauty like that of kittens, or very small
downy ducks making gentle rippling noises with their soft bills, or babies just
beginning to toddle and to engage in conscious mischief—a beauty with which you
can never be angry, but that you feel ready to crush for inability to
comprehend the state of mind into which it throws you. Hetty Sorrel’s was that
sort of beauty.(Adam Bede 111)


    Humans generally love
everything beautiful, especially the love of men to women with extreme beauty,
mainly the outer beauty, which may make anyone to do anything and condones
anything in order to obtain this beauty.

the point mentioned above is clearly shown in this scene: “Will you promise me
your hand for two dances, Miss Hetty? If I don’t get your promise now, I know I
shall hardly have a chance, for all the smart young farmers will take care to
secure you.”(Adam 113)


writer describes how the sequel to the events of the story reveals the human
nature that a person can lie and cheat to get what he wants and shows this when
Arthur deliberately cuts the road to Hetty during her return from learning
sewing and how he speaks with her in a very emotional way to weep and stir her
feelings to make her feel nostalgic and the result of this action was hugging
her to feel safe. But Arthur’s reality that he is deceitful and cowardly, which
is the opposite of what is shown to people, is revealed when he feels panic
because of this hasty move towards the poor girl Hetty, which makes him run
away from the place to escape from the situation.

   In the scene of the second meeting in the
wood, which ends with a kiss, the writer continues to show a real picture of
the Victorian age, in which the difference between the classes of society is much
stronger than love as when  Arthur is
living an internal struggle between his pride that he cannot marry Hetty
because of the great social difference between them and at the same time trying
to seduce her to satisfy his desires by giving her a false hope while  he is scared of the concept of losing his
reputation if people know about this relation:


…. To flirt with
Hetty was a very different affair from flirting with a pretty girl of his own
station: that was understood to be an amusement on both sides, or, if it became
serious, there was no obstacle to marriage. But this little thing would be
spoken ill of directly, if she happened to be seen walking with him; and then
those excellent people, the Poysers, to whom a good name was as precious as if
they had the best blood in the land in their veins—he should hate himself if he
made a scandal of that sort, on the estate that was to be his own some day, and
among tenants by whom he liked, above all, to be respected….. No gentleman, out
of a ballad, could marry a farmer’s niece. There must be an end to the whole
thing at once. It was too foolish. (Adam 182- 183)


writer continues to show images of realism with professionalism from a
wonderful scene that reflects the social relations of that time, when Adam
discovers the relationship between Arthur and Hetty while kissing each other in
the wood, and how Adam gets angry by a sense of natural jealousy that leads him
to request Arthur to fight. The same scene shows Arthur’s cowardice and his
irresponsibility unlike Adam who gives up everything when he asks Arthur to
write an apology letter to Hetty to end the relationship and apologizes for his
lies and deceit.

    Another picture of realism in human nature is
portrayed by the writer in the image of Arthur’s regrets, the day after the
letter is written, as he feels bad about his lying by giving Hetty a false hope
of marrying her. Also the good nature of Arthur also reflects his act when his
aunt Lydia tells him what happens with Hetty, where all of his happiness in
returning back home is gone instantly, so he rides quickly to Stoniton. Later
on in the novel, the meeting of Adam and Arthur after the execution of Hetty
poses how much Arthur feels guilty and sorry.