Human trafficking is a sickening violation of human rights. It is the illegal trade of humans being through recruitment or abduction; which means forced fraud, labor and or sexual exploitations. Human trafficking is now known as modern day slavery. Human trafficking is not only a problem in third world countries. It is the fastest growing criminal enterprise in the world, reported in nearly every country, including the United States.
There are four different types of human trafficking that include trafficking women for sexual exploitation, trafficking for forced labor, commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism, and trafficking organs. Out of the four different types of human trafficking, the most common is sexual exploitation resulting in 79% nationwide. To fully understand what human trafficking is, first we must distinguish what it is and what it is not. It has nothing to do with immigrant smuggling. Victims of human trafficking do not give consent, whereas someone being smuggled might.
The reality of it is, a person can be trafficked in many ways, and they don’t have to leave their residence. A parent can even use their own daughter in their own home by selling her for sex. Trafficking in women for sexual exploitation affects every region of the world. Poverty or gender and history of sexual and physical violence are definite factors that can make women and children vulnerable. Women and children are most vulnerable in our society and are lured by either promises that forces them into leaving their homes to what they believe will be a better life.
Some are abducted and sold, and once they are trapped they are held and exploited in slavery-like conditions. Victims of trafficking for forced labor come primarily from developing countries (Nations with low human rate). They are usually trafficked by trickery and intimidation. Men, women and children are engaged in agricultural and construction work, domestic suffering and other labor-intensive jobs. Involuntary servitude is one of the types of force labor when they fear that serious physical harm or deportation would occur if they tried to escape.
There are more types of forced labor such as child labor and bonded labor. The commercial sexual exploitation of children in tourism is the sexual abuse of minors for financial gain. This cause of crime has been evident in Asia for numerous years and now has been taken over in Africa, as well as Central and South America. This type of exploitation involves physical abuse, pornography, prostitution, and the smuggling of children for unlawful purposes. Another type of trafficking is trafficking humans for only one purpose and that’s the use of their organs, in particular kidneys.
Criminals use this to their advantage because in many countries, wait listing for transplants are very long. They take hold of the opportunity to seize the desperation of patients and potential donors. Knowing that the victim’s health would be in jeopardy, as well as their lives at the risk with the type of conditions they would be in with no medical follow-up. An increase of diabetes in many developed countries is likely to increase, and the requirement for organ transplants. This results in the crime even more profitable to the traffickers.
In conclusion Human trafficking is the practice of people being tricked, lured, forced or otherwise removed from their home or country, then compelled to work with no or low payment or terms which are highly abusive. As I stated before victims can be used in various situations. After writing this paper I gained more knowledge than I ever known about human trafficking, and apparently the United States has the highest rates of human trafficking in the world. You might think it would be impoverished countries, but it is not. I also personally think human trafficking is disgusting, which is exactly why our borders need to be closed.