CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUND. Introduction A healthy diet contains the right balance of different foods you need and provides the right amount of energy. The metabolic rate is the rate at which the chemical reactions in the body are carried out. The less exercise you take the less food you need; people who exercise regularly are usually fitter than those who take little exercise. People all over the world want to lose weight and for those who want to get on the weight loss bandwagon there are thousands of different diets and diet pills to choose from.
Who wouldn’t be enticed by the wonderful testimonials, fantastic before and after pictures and unbelievable money back guarantees that we are constantly bombarded with in magazines, newspapers, television and the internet. But surely diet pills can’t all be as safe as they claim. Those desperate to lose weight quickly and easily often ignore the negatives and side effects of diet pills. Weight loss pills are the new trend in the weight loss programme products. It offers an easy weight management that does not require any rigorous exercise routine or a strict low calorie diet.
All the branches of medicine are now competing with each other by introducing new varieties of pills to reduce body weight in an effortless manner. Slimming pills said to help women drop a dress size. All people around the world especially women are relying on slimming pills in order to attain their ideal body weight. Slimming pills are fat binders, fat blockers and appetite suppressants. These are very attractive if you need a little help with your weight loss goals. We heard many reports of slimmers reaching their target weight with the help of their diet pills or weight loss supplements.
We all know that slimming pills is the fastest way to lose weight. Growing reliance on fast food and time-saving technology causes weight problem around the world. Experts have warned that unless urgent action is taken, an entire generation faces an old age blighted by heart disease, cancer, diabetes and other disease brought on by obesity. Slimming pills works by stopping the body from absorbing fat in food. Although many slimmers are pro-diet pills, this does not mean every supplement on the market is safe and effective. Always choose carefully so you can achieve positive weight loss results.
But there will be concerns that it will be used as a quick fix to a problem which can also be tackled by diet and exercise. Statement of the Problem This research aimed to determine the: “Health Effects of Slimming Pills as perceived by the selected users in Quezon City”. Specifically, this study sought to answer the following questions: 1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of the following? 1. 1 Gender 1. 2 Age 1. 3 Civil Status 1. 4 Educational Attainment 1. 5 Religion 1. 6 Socio-economic Status 1. 7 Occupation 2. What are the effects of slimming pills to the health of the respondents? . What is the rate of effectiveness of the pills to the health of the respondents? 4 What are the safety measures do the respondents need to know while taking slimming pills? 5. Is there a significant trend on the effects of slimming pills, effectiveness, and safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents? 6. How may the findings of this research be utilized to improve the health of slimming pills users? Hypothesis There is no significant trend on the effects of slimming pills, effectiveness, and safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents. Significance of the Study
This research is believed to be very significant to the following: Medical practitioners: Conducting this research will help medical practitioners to have better understanding and good analysis of the effects of slimming pills. This study will show the present situation of individuals who are using slimming pills and the common effects to their body and daily activities. Society: Body image is the common issue why they are advertising slimming pills in the society as a solution to their problems. This study was conducted to help individuals become aware on proper use of slimming pills.
Couples: The awareness of couples regarding slimming pills can promote good sexual relationship. They will see themselves more attractive and more appreciated by their partners. Thus, the couples who are using slimming pills need to be aware regarding the effects of these drugs in their pregnancy or in their baby. Men and Women: This study will provide awareness to men and women who take and will take slimming pills. They will be informed regarding its effects to their health condition. Scope and Delimitation of the Study
The study was conducted along the vicinity of Quezon City, wherein thirty (30) respondents were utilized for the period 2007-2008. The researchers believed that this number of respondents is enough to assess the validity and reliability of the study. The researchers did not see the plight of the other area since the researchers are from that place an felt its appropriateness and could be a big help among the respondents CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES The researchers did a lot of readings and browsing related literature and studies related to the problem.
What the researchers have learned is here by presented: Foreign Literature As stated by Macnair (2003), slimming pills, or anti-obesity medication as they’re more formally called, should be viewed generally as a last resort, to help people who are grossly overweight, have already lost some weight and are now struggling to lose more. In the past they’ve been handed out too easily, often by poorly trained medical staff. The result has been that slimming pills have been used inappropriately. Many slimming pills have now been taken off the market because of potential side effects and complications.
Amphetamine-type slimming pills were popular 30 to 40 years ago, but it took some time for doctors to realize they can be addictive and harmful. Few people manage to diet successfully with them and keep weight off, and many became physically hooked. Even the more recent appetite-suppressant drugs such as dexfenfluramine, have now been taken off the market in most countries, as research has linked their use to long term problems such as heart disease. Some new medicines to help people lose weight have been licensed in recent years.
One, called sibutramine, alters the chemical messages in the brain that control how the person feels about food. By influencing brain chemicals called noradrenaline and serotonin, sibutramine helps to make a person feel full. Another, called orlistat, changes the way the stomach or intestines function, so that less fat enters the bloodstream. Several other drugs are in the development stage. But like any treatment, they have side effects. Sibutramine sometimes increases blood pressure, for example, while orlistat can cause diarrhea and flatulence. Anti obesity drugs are only really suitable for very overweight people.
Doctors are advised to only prescribe them in special circumstances. For example, as part of an overall treatment plan for the management of obesity for people aged 18 to 65 years with a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or more. Or where someone has a BMI of 27 or more and has another significant disease, such as type 2 diabetes or high cholesterol. The person must have already serious attempts to lose weight by dieting, exercise and/or other changes in their behavior. In general, the idea that overweight people have a slow metabolism is a complete myth.
The heavier you are the harder your body has to work to carry the weight and the greater your metabolic rate. The only exceptions are people with conditions such as clinically under-active thyroid gland, who are generally ill with other symptoms too. By far the healthiest and most effective way to control your weight is through long-term healthy eating and regular exercise, supported by counseling and behavior modification, which you should find at a slimming club. An article found on the internet, stated that the men and money pushing dangerous diet supplements. The new ban on ephedra will protect us from harm, right?
Don’t count on it: The same hucksters are still around, pushing the next multibillion-dollar miraclesindietcapsules. As said by Steinhack (2005), most people are perfectly capable or reading the literature and making a responsible decision when the decide to self medicate. Idiots who abuse drugs will get them whether they require a prescription or not. The government and regulatory agencies should stop treating citizens as though we are all morons. As stated by Samuel (2007), taking pills for slimming and thyroid problems during pregnancy may increase the possibility of bearing lesbian daughters, a study has revealed.
Researchers studied thousands of pregnant women to study the effect of prescription drugs on their babies and discovered that the drug thyroxine, used to treat thyroid deficiency, and amphetamine-based slimming pills appear to influence homosexuality among female children. The results show sexual orientation is affected by prenatal rather than social factors, with mothers of homosexual girls proving eight times more likely to have taken those pills — most noticeably with daughters whose mothers took them during their first three months of pregnancy.
Local Literature Bureau warns anew vs. Bangkok pills The Bureau of Food and Drugs (BFAD) raised its warning anew against the use of Bangkok pills and similar unregistered slimming pills and fat-reducing pills following the proliferation of such drugs in the market. The BFAD issued an advisory as early as September 24, 1999 when Bangkok pills first spread in the market. With the reported and verified presence of Bangkok pills, which are being sold in the market, the bureau reiterated its previous warning.
The BFAD said unregistered slimming and fat-reducing drug products, the safety, quality and efficacy of which has not been established, may pose dangers to the consumers. The manufacture, importation, exportation, sale, offering for sale, distribution or transfer of any drug, which is not registered with the BFAD is strictly prohibited pursuant to Republic Act No. 3720 as amended and Republic Act 7391 or the Consumer Act of the Philippines. The manufacture, importation, exportation, sale, offering for sale, distribution, or transfer of any drug by any person without the required license from the bureau is also prohibited.
With the proliferation of these slimming pills, however, BFAD calls on the public to report any person found selling Bangkok pills and any unregistered slimming and fat-reducing drug products through telephone number. Related Studies Information from www. hateweight. com/dietpills , losing weight and maintaining slimming efforts in a safe and sensible manner requires a multifaceted approach. Individuals should set realistic and attainable slimming goals, develop eating/social behavior patterns that promote slimming success, while incorporating an exercise program designed for the long term.
All the fad diets and popular slimming plans are just marketing strategies to promote the purchasing of new products when they are really just telling you the same old news, “limit your caloric intake”. Clinical studies continue to show that slimming pills and/or slimming tablets are an effective method to lose weight fast. In order to lose weight fast and maintain slimming efforts individuals must make a conscientious effort to limit their caloric intake. The proper slimming pills and/or slimming tablets enable individuals to consume less calories in order to lose weight fast.
However, there are now three very effective slimming pills/tablets, Reductil Slimming Pills, Xenical Slimming Pills and Physicians’ Select Herbal Slimming Tablets. These three slimming pills represent the most recommended Slimming Pills by Bariatric physicians (doctors that specialize in the medical treatment of weight loss). Reductil Slimming Pills, Xenical Slimming Pills. and Physicians’ Select Herbal Slimming Pills allow individuals to consume less calories for fast weight loss.
Numerous registered clinical studies have proven that individuals that use the doctor recommended slimming pills and/or slimming tablets, Reductil, Xenical or the Physicians’ Select Herbal Slimming Tablets will lose weight fast. In fact individuals will lose two to three times more weight than those who try dieting without the use of slimming pills and/or slimming tablets. Doctors warned about the possibility of other obesity drugs being sold over the counter, without a prescription which would ‘perpetuate the myth that obesity can be fixed simply by popping a pill’.
Research suggested almost four in 10 overweight people who take it lose 10 per cent of their body weight. However, it emerged yesterday that the drug was unlikely to be approved in America because of fears over the possible psychological effects on users. Dr Amy Egan, an American medical officer, told experts advising the Food and Drug Administration that medical trials had suggested that patients taking the drug report side-effects including depression and anxiety. The drug controls the appetite by blocking activity in a part of the brain that regulates the body’s energy balance and ability to break down sugars and fats in the blood.
It also reduces levels of harmful fatty deposits around internal organs that can cause diabetes. Officials from the French manufacturer Sanofi-Aventis had suggested that patients be screened for depression. Unless you are clinically overweight avoid diet pills, they do much more harm than good and you’ll be healthier and more gorgeous all round if you stick to the tried and tested method of exercise and a balanced diet. The reason diet pills are not readily available to the masses is that they carry the risk of nasty potential side effects and possible complications.
About 30 years ago amphetamine slimming pills were all the rage, but GPs discovered that they weren’t as fantastic as first thought, little if any weight was kept off while many of the women taking them became addicted. More recently sales of appetite suppressants (e. g. dexfenfluramine) have been stopped after research linked it to long-term problems including heart disease. Many over-the-counter slimming tablets also provides very little information on the packaging, often even failing to provide basic facts on how the product supposedly works to aide weight loss, Carey explains, ‘Many of the products are not listed medicines.
This means they’re not allowed to make certain claims such as “speeds up metabolism” or “stops fats from being absorbed’. This in turn means there’s often a worrying lack of information on the packing. ‘But the problems with over-the-counter slimming pills don’t just stop there. Carey believes some may actually do more harm than good. “ Certainly over-the-counter slimming pills may not be suitable if you have medical conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure, yet this may not be clear from the packing with the result that a woman with these conditions still try them.
Some may also interact with other medications. For example, taking a slimming pill that includes thyroid-stimulating ingredient could interfere with prescribed medication for an under active thyroid, potentially causing problems. Again the packaging might not make this obvious. But unfortunately, a lack of information, little proof they’ll work potentially putting your health at risk is not the only price you’ll need to be prepared to pay. Most over-the-counter pills are extremely expensive; too, with the result that you can be sure you’ll lose pounds – but probably not the right sort!
Nevertheless, if you’re still tempted to try an over-the-counter sliming tablet, there are plenty to choose from. Bear in mind that most of them recommend, or come with, a reduced-calorie diet plan and suggest taking more exercise, which generally explains why they result in weight loss! Bear in mind, too, that while some of these tablets may claim to be supported by research; this is likely to be a ‘one-off’ small study. Diet pills can help you to lose weight very quickly, but they should only be used when prescribed by a GP to patients who are clinically obese. The whole treatment should occur under strict medical supervision.
Anyone who is overweight but not obese should be told to lose weight by a combination of healthy eating and exercise, perhaps with the aid of a dietician. A Watchdog Health check programme in January 2002 found that when they sent two young girls who were not overweight to ten private health clinics, only four of the 10 doctors correctly refused to treat them with slimming pills. Worryingly the remaining six doctors gave the girls prescription medicines to help them lose weight. One even gave them an appetite suppressant (Reductil) only intended for people at least three stone overweight.
In August 2002, the Guardian reported that: “Five people have died and almost 500 have fallen ill after taking the dangerous and poorly regulated herbal slimming aids from China, according to reports in recent weeks that have highlighted the fatal consequences of Japan’s dieting obsession. The effectiveness of diet pills has been intensively studied by many international organizations and research institutes. As expected by the institute’s research team, a large number of diet pills that have been researched have proven to be ineffective or even have serious side effects.
On the other hand, it has identified a number of diet pills that offer the consumer very good value for money in combination with no or few side effects. Diet pills like Xenical and Meridia were introduced to burn calories but after sometime it was found that their continuous use was causing side effects, which were very harmful and were causing damage to the human system, which were beyond repairing. Diet pills are not magical pills. They cannot make you slimmer if you’re not following a balanced diet and taking regular exercise.
In fact, the main cause of overweight is dull metabolism, which is the result of irregular exercising and consuming wrong food. So, exercises and a balanced diet is a must. Conceptual Framework In this study the researchers focus on the therapeutic effects of slimming pills with have been frequently use but he respondents in order to maintain their body weight. It is also questions the effectivity of such medications especially to obese patients Individuals lose weight and more importantly keep the weight off by taking a diet or slimming pills.
The proper slimming pills and/or slimming tablets enable individuals to consume less calories in order to lose weight fast. But, individuals must understand the concept of dieting or slimming. Exercise is also known as physical activity and includes anything that gets you moving. Physical activity can lower your blood glucose (sugar), blood pressure, and cholesterol. It also reduces your risk for heart disease and stroke, relieves stress, and strengthens your heart, muscles, and bones. In addition, regular activity helps insulin work better, improves your blood circulation, and keeps your joints flexible.
If you’re trying to lose weight, a combination of physical activity and wise food choices can help you reach your target weight and maintain it. All of these benefits can be yours even if you haven’t been very active before. The key causes of causes of the global obesity epidemic are increased assumption of energy-dense foods high in saturated fats and sugars, and reduced physical activity due to rapid urbanization. Excess weight and obesity weight and obesity read to adverse metabolic impact on blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides.
And insulin resistance some of the negative effects in turn redoubles the propensity for weight gain. Due to increase work-related to increased work-related stress and time constraints coupled with easy access to tasty junk food, advice on incorporating a low-fat, high-fiber diet in conjunction with an exercise program has been difficult to heed. And even when dietary and Physical regimen changes are made, the structure to reverse the physical and psychological inclination to gain weight remains difficult. Individuals must understand the concept of dieting or slimming.
Diet is a method of preserving a view way of living concentration on increasing self-esteem while decreasing the prevalence of health complications associated with being overweight. Slimming pills or slimming tablets are use to limit the daily intake of calories for fast weight loss. Theoretical Framework According to Dave T. (1998) not all diet pills are created equal. There are different theories about diet pills and carbs. Many believe that diet pills will make you skinny and carbs will make you fat. These are usually the same people that follow the famous Atkins Diet and others like it.
Then there are those who say that carbs should not be neglected from your daily diet because our body needs whole grains, and that we should have a low fat intake. Carbs — are actually a chemical composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. There are different types of carbs. 1. Simple carbs are the ones that usually contain the most sugar, and raise your insulin levels high. Examples of these types of carbohydrates are honey, table sugar (sucrose), fruit, etc. 2. Complex carbs are the ones that burn slower in your body and last longer.
Examples of these types of carbs are wheat, rye, pumpernickel, and multigrain bread, pasta, and potatoes. Fiber — a special type of carb. Some great sources of fiber are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. A highly recommend eating a lot of green vegetables, as they are usually lower in calories and contain lots of fiber. When you severely restrict your carbs (say about a max of 20 grams per day) as in the Atkins Diet, depending on your activity level your body can’t use carbs anymore as fuel. Your body then uses fat to burn fat. This fat-burning state is called ketosis.
In conclusion, carbs do not make you fat. Eating too many carbs is what causes you to gain fat. This is the same as anything. If you overeat on protein, you can get fat and the same goes for fat. The body actually works better with a balance of protein and carbohydrates, with some good fats throughout the day. INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT Health Effects of Slimming pills * Physiological * Psychological Effectiveness and Safetiness Expressed desire to change specific habit lifestyle patterns to achieve/ maintain optimal health
Verbalized relief of anxiety and adaptation to actual/ altered body image Able to response and observed behavioral responses Less Adverse effects Provide information about conditions / health risk factors or concerns in written or audiovisual forms as appropriate Acknowledge self as an individual who verbalized understanding of body image Identify/modify external factors that contribute to alterations in sensory/ perceptual abilities Rate the effectiveness and safetiness of a drug fcg Figure 1:The Research Paradigm Weight Gain or Obesity SP LI Il ML ML IS N G E X E R C I S E Weight Loss
Figure 2:Paradigm of the common effects of Slimming pills to the Body of the respondents. Definition of Terms: The following terms are hereby defined for easier understanding of the readers. Adverse effect- Unintended and non therapeutic response to drug action. Appetite- Desire for food. Disease- An impairment of the normal state of the living body or one of its parts. Drug- A chemical that is introducing to the body it causes sort of changes. Effectiveness- The ability of an intervention to produce the desired beneficial effect in actual usage. Effects- To bring about; accomplish; cause to happen.
Enticed- To allure. Flatulence- The quality or state of being flatulent. Gather- to collect. Health- The condition of an organism or one of its parts in which it performs its vital functions normally or property. Homosexual- Sexually attracted by persons of the same sex. Hypothesis- A brilliant conjecture or a tentative solution to a problem. Incurable- Not susceptible. Interfere- To be in the way. Medicine- Art of science of treating disease, illness, and abnormal physical and mental conditions. Metabolic rate- Rate at which the chemical reactions in the body are carried out.
Metabolism- The sum of all the physical and chemical process by which living organized substance is produced and maintained, and also the transformation by which energy is made available for the uses of the organism. Obesity- A condition that is characterized by excessive. Orlistat- A lipase inhibitor C29H53N05 that prevents the absorption of dietary fat and is used to teat obesity. Prescribe- To set down authoritatively, to order or direct the use of. Prohibited- Forbidden. Proliferate- The reproduction or multiplication of similar forms, especially of cells. Qualities- Attribute. Quantities- Amount or proportion.
Questionnaire- An instrument use that contains the simplified question addressed to the respondents. Reliance- Act of being confidence. Researcher- A person who conduct research. Serotonin- Aphernolic amine neurotransmitter that is powerful vasoconstrictor and is found especially in the brain, blood, serum, a gastric mucous membrane of mammals respondents. Society- People in general, considered as living in relationship with one another. Suppressant- An agent that stops secretion or normal discharged Therapeutics- The branch of medicine that deals with the treatment and cure of diseases. Toxic- Affected by, caused by toxin. .
Utilize- To make useful. Visualize- To picture mentally. CHAPTER III METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH This chapter presents the methodology of the research. It contained the different techniques, methods, and procedures employed in gathering the needed data, such as the research design, respondents, sampling techniques, instruments used with the construction of the questionnaire, administration and retrieval, validation, and the statistical treatment of data. Research Design The descriptive method was used in this study. This is the most appropriate method on inquiry about the present status and condition of a particular phenomenon.
Concepts and procedures of general description, analysis, and classifications are discussed and illustrated in considerable detail. This method tends to both the qualitative and quantitative analysis of inquiry such as the present investigation. Manuel and Medel, (1:46) elaborated that the profile of the descriptive technique is to tell “what exist” or “what is” about a certain educational phenomenon. It may likewise include a study on factors or current conditions about the nature of a group of individuals or a class of events which may involve induction, classification, analysis, enumeration, or measurement.
Hillway, (4:187) pointed out that the descriptive method is effective in obtaining accurate facts and figures about prevailing conditions. It tries to describe the situations from which the status of any kind of phenomena being studied may be learned and whenever possible to formulate valid conclusions from the data gathered. Sevilla et al. (2:150) described the method as a powerful technique when one aims to describe the current or prevailing status of events, things or phenomena, They said: …the descriptive method or research is a useful tool for scientific investigation which aims to describe the existing status of events or phenomena.
The results of studies employing the descriptive method of research can be used to advantage of the researchers in all areas of human endeavor. Locale and Population of the Study The study was conducted at the vicinity of Quezon City that consisting of thirty (30) respondents who are using slimming pills. The site was selected due to its accessibility and to achieve a more comprehensive study. The researchers have chosen thirty (30) students from the population to be the respondents. Description of the Respondents The respondents of this study consisted of the selected respondents in the area of Quezon City who are using slimming pills
The researchers believe that these respondents will be the best persons to describe and analyze the situation confronting their present investigation. A thirty (30) respondents were chosen to assess the validation of the study. Sampling Technique The researchers employed purposive sampling. They had specifically chosen the respondents who are using memory enhancers. The researchers are confident that these respondents could honestly and categorically assess the effects of slimming pills among the respondents. Instrumentation and Try-out Phase
To gather the data needed for the research, researchers used the following instruments: 1. Questionnaire For data gathering, researchers distribute carefully designed questionnaires to the respondents, ensuring that this information is in a form that can be objectively analyzed in order to elicit the needed data that pertained to the topic under study. This consisted on different parts and specific purposes. Part I Collecting data on the respondents profile, Part II deals with the effects of using slimming pills, the rate of effectiveness of slimming pills and the precautionary measures in using slimming pills. . Interviews Interview was used by the researchers to the respondents to supplement primary source of data, it also gave opportunity for the respondents to clarify questions concerning the survey. Further, it gave flexibility to give follow up questions or discuss issues concerning the topic of study that was not clearly expounded by the questionnaire. 3. Observations The observation was also been an excellent source of data. Observational findings are considered strong in validity because the researcher is able to collect a depth of information about a particular behavior. Construction of the Instrument
After some readings of related studies and literature, the researchers planned and framed the topic problems for this research together with the conceptual framework and the statement of the problem. Based on these ideas, the researchers started to formulate their draft questionnaire to be used for their study. They continuously reviewed their draft making reference to their statement of the problem and conceptual framework. After some revisions, they were able to present to their adviser a copy of the questionnaire. The questionnaire was finally revised after some corrections and suggestions by their adviser.
Statistical Treatment of Data For in depth analysis and interpretation of data, the following techniques were used. 1. Frequency and Percentage Distribution Percentage was used to find the ratio of frequency of response to the total number of respondents by applying this formula: f P = _______ x 100 N Where: P= percentage f= frequency N= no. of respondents 2. Chi-Square Distribution Chi-square distribution was discovered by Karl Pearson. The distribution was introduced to determine whether or not discrepancies between observed theoretical counts were significant.
The test used to find out how well an observed frequency distribution conforms to fits some theoretical frequency distribution is referred to as a “goodness of fit test. ” Where: O = observed frequency E = expected frequency Chi-square Uses of Chi-square: 1) Chi-square is used in descriptive research if the researcher wants to determine the significant difference between the observed and expected or theoretical frequencies from independent variables. 2) It is used to test the goodness of fit where a theoretical distribution is fitted to some data, i. e. , the fitting of a normal curve. ) It is used to test the hypothesis that the variances of a normal population is equal to a given value. 4) It is also used for the construction of confidence interval for variances. 5) It is used to compare two uncorrelated and correlated proportions. CHAPTER IV PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA The data of this study is presented, analyzed, and interpreted in this chapter. A questionnaire was used in gathering the data which were analyzed using statistical procedure described in the proceeding chapter and are interpreted in the light of the research questions formulated in the study. . On the profile of the respondents Table 1 Respondents as to Gender Gender| F| %| Rank| MaleFemale| 1020| 3337| 21| TOTAL| 30| 100| | Table 1 presents the frequency and percentage distribution of the profile of the respondents as to Gender. It is noted in the table that female dominates in number than male. According to them, female are more conscious about their health and as such they are using slimming pills to maintain their body figure. Table 2 Respondents as to Age Age| F| %| Rank| 18-2021-2526-3030 above| 10497| 33133023| 1423| TOTAL| 30| 100| |
The age group that has the most number of individual acquiring 33% of the respondents is between the ages 18-20 years old. The ages 21-25 years old with the least of individuals, with only 4 individuals this is 13% of the respondents. The ages 26-30 years old obtained 30% of the total respondents or a total of people. The age 30 years old and above with 7 individuals or 23% of the respondents. This indicates that most of teenagers are much concerned about their body figure since they are being teased by their peers and as such they are using slimming pills. Table 3 Respondents as to Civil Status
Civil Status| F| %| Rank| SingleMarriedWidowSeparated| 161202| 534007| 1243| TOTAL| 30| 100| | Based on the data, there are 12 individuals who are married representing 40%, 16 respondents are single represents a total of 53% of the population people who are widow which only take up 0-1% of the population and only 2 (7%) respondents were separated. It is being emphasized in this table that most single respondents are very much concerned about their body figure because of their intimate relationship with their opposite sex. They do not want to be teased by their opposite sex and as such they are using slimming ills. Table 4 Respondents as to Educational Attainment Educational Attainment| F| %| Rank| ELEMENTARY GRAD. HIGH SCHOOL GRADCOLLEGE GRADUNDER GRADVOCATIONAL| 1312122| 31040407| 531. 51. 54| TOTAL| 30| 100| | The data shows that out of 30 persons 1 of them was elementary graduate (3%), 3 high school graduate (10%), 12 college graduate and Under graduate (40%) and 2 Vocational (7%). It indicates in the table that most of the college level and college graduate are very much concerned in their body figure that will lead them to use slimming pills.
According to them, body figure is an asset in their day to day living. They are using slimming pills to maintain their body figure. Table 5 Respondents as to Religion Religion| F| %| Rank| CATHOLICIGLESIA| 273| 9010| 12| TOTAL| 30| 100| | Based on the data, there are 3 Iglesia represents a total of 10% and Catholic respondent’s represents 27 a total of 40%. It emphasized that most of the Catholics are using slimming pills. According to them, it is not prohibited to use sliming pills since this is a one way of maintaining their body figure, they even spend much money to buy sliming pills and it is effective to them.
Likewise with the Iglesia ni Cristo, they said that slimming pills were good for those respondents who are suffering from obesity. It could lessen their problem. This is probably the reason why they are using slimming pills. Table 6 Respondents as to Socio-Economic Status Socio-Economic Status| F| %| Rank| LOWER CLASSMIDDLE CLASSUPPER CLASS| 0264| 08713| 312| TOTAL| 30| 100| | As gleaned from the table, the respondents in the middle class were 26 (87%) and the respondents in the upper class were 4 (13%). It shows that most of the respondents who belong to the middle class use slimming pills since it will help them in their activities in life.
According to them, they said, that their body is their only asset in life. This is the reason why they are using slimming pills. They even l set aside money for them to buy slimming pills. Table 7 Respondents as to Occupation Occupation| F| %| Rank| EMPLOYEDSELF-EMPLOYEDUNEMPLOYEDSTUDENTSKILLED| 1721100| 5773330| 13425| TOTAL| 30| 100| | The table shows that most of the respondents are employed (57%), 33% are student, 7% are self-Employed and 0-1% is skilled. It is being noted in the table that most of the respondents who are using slimming pills are those who are employed.
According to them, it is quite embarrassing on their part as a worker if they are not physically fit particularly on their outside appearance. They said that when they are dealing with other people they must be physically fit and healthy so that they could win lots of customers. 2. On the effects of slimming pills to the health of the respondents Table 8 Effects of Slimming Pills Among the Respondents Indicators| f| %| Rank| 1. Reduce the weight of the respondents. 2. Lessen the food intake3. Physically fit and healthy and stable 4. Easy to move5. Away from sickness| 85854| 2717271713| 1. 3. 51. 53. 55| TOTAL| 30| 100| | Table 8 presents the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents on the effects of slimming pills among the respondents. It is noted in the table that rank I is shared by the two indicators which are ‘reduce the weight of the respondents’ and physically fit and healthy and stable, with a frequency of 8 or 27% of the respondents. It shows that respondents are using slimming pills because they believe that it could reduce fats from their body. According to them, when they are using slimming pills there is a big change on their weight.
Rank 2 is also shared by the two indicators which are to lessen the food intake and easy to move quickly, with a frequency of 5 or 17% of the respondents. It is being indicated here that when the respondents are taking slimming pills, their appetite to eat will lessen, it seems that they do not want to eat and could easily move quickly. 3. On the rate of effectiveness of the pills to the health of the respondents Table 9 Rate of Effectiveness of Slimming Pills Among the Respondents Indicators| f| %| Rank| 1. Abrupt losing of weight2. Lose appetite to eat 3. improve the capacity to work4.
Develops self-confidence5. No reaction of slimming pills among them| 39477| 1030132323| 5142. 52. 5| TOTAL| 30| 100| | Table 9 presents the frequency and percentage distribution of the respondents on the rate of effectiveness of slimming pills among the respondents. It shows in the table that most of the respondents who are using sliming pills could lose appetite to eat with a frequency of 9 or 30% of the respondents. According to them, when the respondents are using slimming pills their appetite to eat will be lessen and the result is to maintain their body figure in which it is their asset in life.
Rank 2 is shared by the two respondents which are develops confidence and no reaction of slimming pills among them, with a frequency of 7 or 23% of the respondents. It is being indicated here that when respondents maintain their body figure because of slimming pills they increase their self-esteem. 4. On the safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents Table 10 Safety Measures of Slimming Pills Among the Respondents Indicators| f| %| Rank| 1. Slimming pills are prescribed by the doctors2. Proper dosage of slimming pills 3. Slimming pills with proper diet and exercise4.
Consult doctors of the bad effects of slimming pills| 124104| 40133313| 13. 523. 5| TOTAL| 30| 100| | Table 10 presents the frequency and percentage distribution of the safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents. It is noted in the table that rank 1 belongs to slimming pills are prescribed by the doctors, with a frequency of 12 or 40% of the respondents. This shows that most of the respondents when taking slimming pills undergo a check up by the doctor to be safe in their body so that there is no allergic reaction among the respondents. According to them, most of the slimming pills used by the respondents are safe.
Rank 2 is they are using slimming pills and at the same they are in proper diet and in proper exercise. This can help the respondents to maintain their body posture and figures. 5. On the significant trend of slimming pills in the area of effects, rates of effectiveness, and safety measures of using slimming pills among the respondents Table 11 Chi Square Test on the Significant Trends on the Effects of Slimming Pills Indicators| fo| fe| (fo-fe)? /fe| 1. Reduce the weight of the respondents. 2. Lessen the food intake3. Physically fit and healthy and stable 4. Easy to move5. Away from sickness| 85854| 66666| 0. 60. 160. 660. 160. 66| TOTAL| 30| 30| X? =2. 3| df= (c-1)(r-1) = (2-1)(51) = (1)(4) df= 4 ?= 5% level of significance critical value of x? at ? = 5% and df = 4 is 9. 488 Since the computed value of 2. 3 is lower than the tabular value of 9. 488, therefore the relationship is not significant and the hypothesis is accepted and the alternative hypothesis is rejected. Table 12 Chi Square Test on the Significant Trends on the Rate of Effectiveness of Slimming Pills Indicators| f| %| (fo-fe)? /fe| 1. Abrupt losing of weight2. Lose appetite to eat 3. Improve the capacity to work4. Develops self-confidence5.
No reaction of slimming pills among them| 39477| 66666| 1. 51. 50. 660. 160. 16| TOTAL| 30| 30| X? =5. 42| df= (c-1)(r-1) = (2-1)(51) = (1)(4) df= 4 ?= 5% level of significance critical value of x? at ? = 5% and df = 4 is 9. 488 Since the computed value of 5. 42 is lower than the tabular value of 9. 488, therefore the relationship is not significant and the hypothesis is accepted and the alternative hypothesis is rejected. Table 13 Chi Square Test on the Safety Measures of Slimming Pills Indicators| f| %| (fo-fe)? /fe| 1. Slimming pills are prescribed by the doctors2. Proper dosage of slimming pills 3.
Slimming pills with proper diet and exercise4. Consult doctors of the bad effects of slimming pills| 124104| 7. 57. 57. 57. 5| 2. 71. 630. 831. 63| TOTAL| 30| 30| X? =6. 79| df= (c-1)(r-1) = (2-1)(41) = (1)(3) df= 3 ?= 5% level of significance critical value of x? at ? = 5% and df = 3 is 7. 815 Since the computed value of 6. 79 is lower than the tabular value of 9. 488, therefore the relationship is not significant and the hypothesis is accepted and the alternative hypothesis is rejected. Table 14 Summary of Chi-Square Test on the Significant Trend of Slimming Pills Variables| ComputedValue| CriticalValue| Comparison| Decision| Effects| 2. | 9. 488| ;| accepted| Rate of Effectiveness| 5. 42| 9. 488| ;| accepted| Safety Measures| 6. 79| 7. 815| ;| accepted| Interpretation: There is no significant trend on the slimming pills taken by the respondents on the area of effects, rate of effectiveness and the safety measures among them. CHAPTER V SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS, AND RECOMMENDATIONS This chapter presents the summary of the findings from the gathered and analyzed data, the conclusions drawn from these findings and recommendations offered by the researchers in the light of the findings and conclusions.
Summary of Findings From the data yielded by the instruments, the researchers summarized the following data: 1. On the profile of the respondents 1. 1 Twenty (20) or 37% are female among the respondents 1. 2 Ten (10) or 33% belongs to the age bracket of 18-20 year old. 1. 3 Sixteen (16) or 53% are single among the respondents 1. 4 Twelve (12) or 40% are college/undergraduate among the respondents 1. 5 Twenty Seven (27) or 90% are Roman Catholics among the respondents 1. 6 Twenty Six (26) or 87% belongs to middle class among the respondents 1. 7 Seventeen (17) or 57% are employed among the respondents 2.
On the effects of slimming pills to the health of the respondents 1. Reduce the weight of the respondents and Physically fit and healthy and stable, with a frequency of 8 or 27% of the respondents. 2. Lessen the food intake and Easy to move, with a frequency of 5 or 17% of the respondents. 3. Away from sickness, with a frequency of 4 or 13% of the respondents 3. On the rate of effectiveness of the pills to the health of the respondents 1. Lose appetite to eat, with a frequency of 9 or 30% of the respondents 2. Develops self-confidence and No reaction of slimming pills among them, with a frequency of 7 or 23% of the respondents 3.
Improve the capacity to work, with a frequency of 4 or 13% of the respondents 4. On the safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents 1. Slimming pills are prescribed by the doctors, with a frequency of 12 or 40% of the respondents. 2. Slimming pills with proper diet and exercise, with a frequency of 10 or 33% of the respondents 3. Proper dosage of slimming pills and Consult doctors of the bad effects of slimming pills, with a frequency of 4 or 13% of the respondents 5. On the significant trend of slimming pills in the area of effects, rates of effectiveness, and safety measures of using slimming pills among the respondents
Table 15 Variables| ComputedValue| CriticalValue| Comparison| Decision| Effects| 2. 3| 9. 488| ;| accepted| Rate of Effectiveness| 5. 42| 9. 488| ;| accepted| Safety Measures| 6. 79| 7. 815| ;| accepted| Conclusions From the foregoing summary of the findings, the following conclusions are drawn: 1. On the profile of the respondents Profile of the respondents play an important role in the effects of slimming pills among the respondents. There are lots of females who are using slimming pills since they are much concerned about their body figure and posture. They said that using slimming pills will help them maintain their figure.
It reveals that teenagers are so much concerned about their figure also since they are being intimidated with their opposite sex. They are ashamed when they have a big body and as such they are using slimming pills. It reveals also in the results of the study that simple respondents are also using slimming pills since their body figure is their assets in life. 2. On the effects of slimming pills to the health of the respondents On the effects of slimming pills among the respondents particularly on their health, most of the respondents are using slimming pills just to reduce weight.
According to them, using slimming pills will really help them reduce their weight. There are even respondents who are using slimming pills for them to lessen their food intake and as such their health and weights will be affected but to others are not and as such this has an effect to the health of the respondents 3. On the rate of effectiveness of the pills to the health of the respondents On the rate of effectiveness of slimming pills among the respondents, it reveals that when they are using slimming pills their appetite in eating will be affected, they cannot eat too much because they want to maintain their body figure.
They want also to develop a self confidence since their body is presentable and this is the result of taking slimming pills. Others also are excelling in their work since they are physically fit and stable. 4. On the safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents On the safety measures of slimming pills among the respondents, it reveals that all the respondents who are using slimming pills are prescribed by the doctors and therefore the pills they are using are safe. When the respondents are taking slimming pills, they are also having their proper diet and proper exercise and as such they can maintain much about their body posture.
Others also are using slimming pills with the proper dosage, therefore this will help the respondents in the safety precautions in using slimming pills. 5. On the significant trend of slimming pills in the area of effects, rates of effectiveness, and safety measures of using slimming pills among the respondents There is no significant trend on the effects, rate of effectiveness, and safety measures in using slimming pills among the respondents, since the computed value is lower than the tabular value in the study.
Therefore, the relationship is not significant and the hypothesis is accepted and the alternative hypothesis is rejected. 6. On the findings of this research be utilized to improve the health of slimming pills users It has been said that, “health is wealth”, this is also compared to the present study regarding the effects of slimming pills among the respondents. There are respondents who are using slimming pills just to maintain their body figure but to others are not they don’t care about their figure what is important to them is to enjoy their life fullest. They don’t care what people are saying.
On the other hand, there is also a big impact in maintaining the body figure of the respondents, since it is an asset of every individual. When the respondents have a good posture, they are presentable and a good looking to others. This study about the effect of slimming pills among the respondents will help them improve about their figure and to maintain the body build among the respondents. Recommendations In the light of the findings and conclusions, the researchers offer the following recommendations: 1. Respondents should be careful in using slimming pills so that their health will not be affected.
There are respondents who are using slimming pills for them to reduce but their health is being affected. 2. Female respondents should consult the doctor before taking slimming pills since there are slimming pills that can hamper the health of the respondents. Female respondents are also susceptible to any kind of sickness dealt about the slimming pills. 3. Teenagers must be careful in using slimming pills. There are teenagers who are using slimming pills though it is not required since their body build is still thin and as such their health is being affected.
They should have an activity for them to burn their fats since they are still young and fats for them could be able to burn through continuous exercise, proper diet, and proper discipline among themselves. 4. Regular exercise must be properly done by the respondents. This must be done regularly for at least 30 minutes to 1 hour a day. This will help the respondents to reduce their weights. 5. Eat proper kind of food, avoid too much sugar, too much soft drinks, too much salt, and too much fat, this could contribute to a bad development of the body and as such their body figure will be affected.
They should eat vegetables since this could help maintain the body figure of the respondents. 6. Respondents should not control in eating, they should measure their food to maintain their health improvement and as such still the effects of slimming will be established. 7. Respondents must consult the doctor before taking the slimming pills, there are respondents who are using slimming pills that are not prescribed by the doctor and as such their health will be affected. 8. Respondents should follow strictly what is required in the taking of slimming pills so that safety measures will be applied.
There are respondents who are taking slimming pills that are under and over dosage and as such their health are being affected. 9. Future researchers must explore more on the study that is not tackled or discussed in the present study. Dear Respondents, We are conducting a study regarding the “Health Effects of Slimming Pills as perceived by the selected users in Quezon City”. This questionnaire-checklist will provide us the necessary information to complete our study about the above-mentioned topic.
We are asking for your kind consideration, full participation and cooperation by answering the questions below for us to fulfill this research. Thank you and God bless! Yours truly, VELASCO, KAY T BUENAVENTURA, RIALYN A. BELARMINO, LESTER L. BELTRAN, CHARITY M. BENITO, DONNA YEEN M. DIAMANTE, GRACELYN E. FRANCISCO, LEN LEN A. JAMERO, MICHELLE R. NAVARETTE, NERILYN L. QUESTIONNAIRE-CHECKLIST Name: ______________________Surveyed by: __________ Address: ____________________Date Surveyed: ________ Directions: Please put a check mark on the choice that best corresponds to your answer.
I. DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE: Sex:MaleCivil Status:Single FemaleMarried Widow Separated Age:18-20 21- 25Religion:Catholic 25 – 30Iglesia 30 aboveothers (pls. specify) ________________ Occupation: EmployedSocio Economic Status: Self Employed UnemployedLower Class Student Middle Class Skilled Upper Class Educational Attainment: Elementary High School College Undergraduate Vocational PART II 2. What are the effects of slimming pills to the health of the respondents? __1. Reduce the weight of the respondents. __2. Lessen the food intake. __3. Physically fit and healthy and stable __4.
Easy to move __5. Away from sickness 3. What is the rate of effectiveness of the pills to the health of the respondents? __1. Abrupt losing of weight __2. Lose appetite to eat __3. improve the capacity to work __4. Develops self-confidence __5. no reaction of slimming pills among them 4 What are the safety measures do the respondents need to know while taking slimming pills? __1. Slimming pills are prescribed by the doctors __2. Proper dosage of slimming pills __3. Slimming pills with proper diet and exercise __4. Consult doctors of the bad effects of slimming pills BIBLIOGRAPHY
Thesis Pacanas, Tamayo, Tan The Efficacy of cleansing Diet against Diet Pills among person 25. 50 years old in Bitoon circle Brgy. Commonwealth, Quezon City, Fatima University 2006 Dictionary The Scriber bantam Dictionary Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary Book Berman, Erb, Kozier , Shyder Fundamentals of Nursing (7th Edition) Karch, Amy Focus on Nursing Pharmacology (3rd Edition) Boning Ronnie A. research methodology Fatima University press: Valenzuela City, Quezon City Websites www. hateweight. com/dietpills. html www. healthnotes. com www. rexdonald. com www. readersdigest. com