Fauvism was not charactarised by a common philosophy. It was thought that the art should be bold and stimulating to the eye. Fauvism consisted of used unnatural color, to enhance the effect of their work. Fauvists used canvas that was primed with white, so that the gaps they left in their paintings would contrast with the white colour. They used loose, painterly brushwork and left bits of the canvas exposed. They also often used paint directly from the tube, rarely premixed, primary colours were unpopular. Some fauvists include: Henri Matisse (who I will focus on), Andre Derain, Maurice de Vlaminck and Raoul Dufy.
I think the fauvist movement was quite a daring and stimulating movement as it let a majority of artists really express themselves truly. Overall, the works are very unique and distinct to many others as the characteristics of the movement were portrayed in a manner very different to most other movements.
Marcel Duchamp is consideredas one of the most influential artists of the 20th Century by the modern artworld. Duchamp, beinga founding force in the Dada movement, was also a main influencing factor ofthe development of the 20th Century avant-garde art. All in all Duchamp has become a legend within the art world.
Marcel Duchamp had the great fortune of entering the world of art at a most exciting time when the birth of Fauvism and Cubism was in the not so distant future. Although Marcel incorporated these styles he was never satisfied with any single style. He felt that styles were learned techniques which put creativity,exploration, and imagination in the background of the art scene. Duchamp’s view of the lack of creativity and originality may have prompted many of his later creations which, at the time of their production, seemed absurd.(Rogers, 1989)
Henri Matisse was the most important French painter of the 20th century. Influenced by Cézanne and Gauguin, he and Andre Derain developed Fauvism. Before fauvism he had experimented with Pointillism but he found it to rigid and felt he could not release himself, so he began to paint in a much freer and more expressive style.
While he was regarded as a radical in the arts, and his style of painting is known as Fauvism, Matisse was not someone who held strong political views or who had personal opinions that he wanted to express in his work. All of his paintings are relaxed in mood and not controversial except in the spontaneous and clashing use of colours. Unlike many full time artists Matisse was not poor and although he probably had some family money his work was popular and widely known. (Brilliant, 1991)
Matisse was not only a painter but had wide artistic interests like his bronze sculptures and like his drawings and work in surrounding several graphic media. He created works consisting of very well colored paper cutouts with extreme precision and meticulous detail. Matisse always demonstrated the importance of instinct and intuition in the production of a work of art.
Frank Lloyd Wright was truly American architect who created a distinct American architecture that evidenced true democracy and dignity (West, 2004). This he did, and did it well; there may never be another architect who will surpass his architectural genius
His goal was not just to build another building, but create a work of art, one that would truly reflect the nature that surrounded it and also the client whom he was working for (Wright 228). Wright’s motto emphasized simplicity and a “demand that natural materials be treated naturally” The use of old and new materials was also significant in Wright’s work. Both materials had “their own lively contributions to make to the form, character and quality of any building” (Wright 229).
Among the best-known surrealist artists is Neil Philip Pearlstein. He becamse part of an elite group of Contemporary Realists.
His work showered artnet Galleries. His work had an element of surprise in them. His world war 2 drawings were praised for their quality. No doubt he waas regarded as a master realist. (Woodall, 1997)
Pearlstein is an important painter in the US. He first shot to fame in the 1960s and 1970s as an artist who focused on a realistic portrayal of the human figure which was utterly free of clothing and the somewhat ambiguous poses that a person can adopt in an art studio. Pearlstein’s Objective has been to show that the human body, with the variations in mind as well as shapes is an very challenging and capable of providing a visual element. (Friday, 2002)
R.Brilliant Portraiture Reaktion Books (1991)
S.West Portraiture Oxford University Press (2004)
E.H.Gombrich The Image and the Eye Phaidon, Oxford (1982)
J.Friday Aesthetics and Photography Ashgate (2002)
J. Woodall ed. Portraiture: Facing the Subject Manchester University Press (1997)
M Rogers Camera Portraits Oxford University Press (1989)
Frank Lloyd right, Forces of nature, Smithmark Publishers 2004