Throwing a football involves many mechanisms. A person must utilize his/her entire body to complete the throw. He/She must know how to properly throw the football to avoid injuries. As a result, it is important for him/her to warm-up the body before throwing the football. To understand all the processes and steps involved with throwing a football, a person must first realize that industrial engineering exists. In a way, this is also ergonomics (human factors). INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING Industrial engineering concerns bringing machine and man together.
This process involves synthesis and physical/social sciences. It forecasts, simplifies, and evaluates any results drawn from the integrated systems that involve people, materials, processes, knowledge, and apparatus power. The humans who are employed in the industrial engineering field vigorously work to improve the environment and make products environmentally friendly. It is done by eliminating the waste of valuable assets such as energy, money, time, materials, and other resources (Wikipedia, 2007). The industrial engineering concept is also good in other fields.
One of these fields is operations research or statistics. Another is management science which is closely related to business management problems. Systems engineering is a third concept. It satisfies the business and technical needs of consumers. Yet, systems engineering does it by using effective products of high quality that satisfies end users (Wikipedia, 2007). ERGONOMICS/HUMAN FACTORS Ergonomics is also included with industrial engineering. It deals with human factors. As a result, ergonomics identifies the relationship between science and humans.
At the same time, quality engineering does its job. Quality engineering is the technological development of high quality products that surpass consumer expectations (Wikipedia, 2007). As mentioned in the previous paragraph, ergonomics deals with the factors of humans. By the time the Industrial Revolution began, Human Factors were around. They emerged sometime during World War II as a full-pledged regulation. When aircraft cockpits were being designed, engineers realized that the machines (controls and displays) had to interact with humans.
On the one hand, Design Engineers worked out the kinks of the technology (Usernomics, 1995-2006). However, on the other hand, Industrial Psychologists wanted to reach optimization of human interface with machine. Some scenarios show Human Factors disrupting the bottom-line of profitability. Other scenarios portray Human Factors as life threatening or as being life savers. For example, a person can accidentally push the wrong button in a spacecraft. He/She can also misread meters for kilometers. In both cases, the worst that can possibly happen just might occur.
Thus, many companies came to the realization that effective Human Factors designs determine the success or failure of products (Usernomics, 1995-2006). Remarkably, something as simple as throwing a football can determine the success or failure of a product. The physics of a football are plain. As the ball is thrown, it travels in the air on a parabolic path. This is because gravity influences the vertical direction of the ball. When first aired, the ball travels upward. At its climax (peak height), the ball stops and then begins its downward pull.
That is when gravity takes over and rapidly forces the ball out the air. Consequently, this process is known as projectile motion (Freudenrich, 1998-2007). FOOTBALL THROWER FUNDAMENTALS Peyton Manning of the Indianapolis Colts is a prime example of how projectile motion works. The Colts are a National Football League (NFL) team and they won the Super Bowl this year. Manning takes a quick drop back about three or four steps. Then he stops before planting his foot, gripping the ball, stepping forward, and releasing his throw. Manning’s throws are accurate and accelerate towards the receiver at a rapid rate.
In fact, his throws travel on a tight spiral. To understand how significant Manning’s knowledge of throwing is for the Colts, one must know the fundamentals of throwing a football. As a result, the steps are explained. Step 1 requires the thrower to have a firm grip on the football. The fingers should interlace with the laces and seams on the football. Step 2 requires the thrower to cradle the ball. This should be done so the ball has protection. It is accomplished by having the ball placed under the thrower’s chin and stepping backward to prepare to throw the football.
Step 3 is when the arm should be cocked back as the thrower is preparing to throw the football (eHow, 1999-2007). In Step 4, the thrower should not forget to balance his/her stance by taking his/her other arm and spreading it in front of themselves. Then the thrower must aim at the target by aligning his/her arm and hand with it. Step 5 is when the shoulders must be leveled as the thrower passes for 10 or fewer yards. Any time the thrower desires to go long (throw a farther distance); he/she must do so by taking his/her throwing arm and dipping its shoulder.
Step 6 is when the arm must snap forward as the thrower prepares to align his/her aim (or follow through) with parts of his/her body (these parts are the shoulders and hips). At this point, the thrower’s weight should begin to shift forward to the front of his/her foot (eHow, 1999-2007). A thrower is ready for Step 7 when he/she is prepared to release the ball at its highest point. This is when the throwing arm is above the thrower’s head (in a slight manner) while being out towards the side.
Step 8 is when velocity and spiral is added as the thrower releases the ball only when he/she first flicks his/her wrist and fingers. The final step, which is Step 9, is when the throw is completed by the thrower having his/her palm facing the ground at the same time his/her index finger points forward and down (eHow, 1999-2007). Pop Warner (pee wee) football is a good time to prepare a thrower for a career as a Quarterback. During this time, the young players can be taught the fundamentals of throwing. At the same time, the kinks can be worked out of the young thrower’s footwork and throwing motion.
Then, as the player matures, he/she will be able to throw more and more tight spirals. In fact, Peyton Manning was first introduced to quarterbacking as a Pop Warner player. Yet, so was his brother, Eli Manning who quarterbacks the New York Giants NFL team. CONCLUSION Finally, there are a lot of steps involved with throwing a football. However, industrial engineering does exist as the description details above. Thus, it is important for the thrower to make the throw look good. In the process, he/she increases his/her opportunity to become a professional thrower.
As demonstrated above, Human Factors that create effective products determine the success and failure of an organization. Peyton Manning exemplifies ergonomics at its best, as a thrower in the NFL. Thus, he has created many opportunities for the NFL to market and sell Peyton Manning related products and/or services due to his ability to throw a football. It should be noted that anyone who thinks industrial engineering is not marketable should rethink their strategy. If the person still has doubts, then go ask Peyton Manning how much his throwing arm is worth in monetary value.