Edessa the Seljuk Turks, the Crusaders who

Edessa has been around since at least 190 CE. It had been home to Arabs, Christians, Romans and even Syriac.In later medieval times, it was given up to Byzantines, retaken by Arabs, held by Greeks, the Armenians, the Seljuk Turks, the Crusaders who established there the County of Edessa and kept the city until 1144 when it the main city was taken by the Turk Zengie. Without their capital, the people who had lived in the County of Edessa lived a careful life on the outskirts for almost six years. Over time tensions grew with the Muslim states around them. In 1150, Manuel I Komnenos, a Byzantine showed interest in acquiring a part of Edessa. Bound by law, the feudal overlord Baldwin III had to protect the people of Edessa. Baldwin III realized that the Crusaders would not be able to hold on to the territories in the coming years and agreed to turn them over to the Byzantines.One day Baldwin III met with the Byzantine Emperor’s men at Tell Bashir to negotiate the trade of territories. Any Armenians who still wanted to be under Latin rule could go back to the Principality of Antioch with their king and all of their possessions. Baldwin’s people was about 500 knights and an unknown number of foot soldiers,The BattleZengi’s son Nur ad-Din’s forces attacked the Latin forces between Dülük and Aintab. Baldwin sent his soldiers to fight and got the civilians safely to Aintab. Then the rest of the Latin force rested in Antiab as well.The next day the Armenians planned to defend the refugees and baggage train. Baldwin III went in a first wave to draw fire and the rest of the knights protected both sides of the group. Raymond II of Tripoli and Humphrey II of Toron defended the back and were crucial guards. We do not know the position of the foot soldiers, it was not mentioned in any writings by William of Tyre.Nur ad-Din attacked in what was a traditional way of the time. He ordered his soldiers to shoot arrows at the small army quickly and in waves. Crusading Warfare by R. C. Small puts the amount of arrows as “arrows in such showers that the appearance of the baggage soon resembled a porcupine” to give an example of how many arrows were shot. For 24 hours the Turks tried to break Crusader formation but failed. The Armenians kept going making only small changes when the Byzantines got too close. At sunset, Nur ad-Din gave up, he had already used to many resources. After the battle, the Crusaders were able to deliver the refugees to Antiochene with only minor setbacks.AftermathBaldwin the III was correct, in the next eleven months the rest of the former County of Edessa feel to Nur ad-Din and his army. In the big picture the move of the Pro-Latin refugees was a tactical success. The crusaders escaped huge losses and were able to get most Pro Latin civilians to safety. In the crusades, the Crusades would not hold the County of Edessa again. According to Wikivisually.com, “The permanent loss of the County of Edessa represented a strategic defeat.”Effects on all three groupsJewishThis was one battle where the Jewish people were not affected.MuslimGained land but let the Christian Crusaders escape.ChristianTactical victory and a strategic defeat.