Lucio A Gonzalez
greater good analysis, I will give my assessment to each individual problem.
Then I would come to a decision regarding each of the problem.
Problem 1: The Mayor of a big city was given a
free membership in a private golf club by contractor’s who have received
several city contracts. The Major also accepted gifts from organizations that
have not done business with the City. The gifts ranged from tickets to sports
events to designer watches and jewelry.
that since the Mayor did not accept these gifts as bribery. His decision was
ethical, as long as he does not show favoritism or performs favors for those
that gave him gifts. After all, these gifts could have been for his birthday or
his wife birthday. They could have been given for some sort of event pertaining
to the exchanging of gifts. Without knowing any more information about these
gifts; we cannot determine the ethical decision making behind them. Which leads
us into John Locke’s opinion or view point.
Based off of John Locke’s concept of state of nature, we
came to the conclusion that he would be fine with the mayor receiving gifts. As
long as the mayor could remain neutral for the people that gave him the gifts,
while focusing on the common good of the people. It would be fine for the mayor
to receive the gifts as gifts, and nothing more.
Problem 2: A college instructor is pursuing her
Ph.D in night school. Now to increase time for her studies, she uses the same lectures,
assignments, and the exams every semester without the least effort to improve
say nothing is incorrect with this problem. Due to the fact that the school
district or the state is not demanding a modification in the teachings method. Also,
if the course is history it would not change because a day has passed. History
is history and it never changes. Thus, so nothing is wrong here, unless
students choose to cheat. Using the repetitive information given each course
every time around.
Locke’s view on this would approve of the instructor’s methods as long as she
is putting the same effort, and enthusiasm into the course every time. This means the instructor would benefit from
this by being able to complete her Ph.D, while still teaching. Also, it would
guarantee the same thing being taught to each student without variation, and
prepare them for the next course. This means the common good aspect of this is
still holds value.
Problem 3: Edna and Todd are married. they have
argued and fought continually for the duration of their marriage. and their conclusion
to fix their problems is to have a child, and they stop birth control, and Edna
to the conclusion that this dilemma is unethical. This is because if they are
already having existing problems. What good with throwing a child into the mix
do? Before the child is born they need to take steps to fix their problems. they
need to start seeking marriage counseling from a therapist or a free support
group. This will ensure that they are
taking steps to alleviate their personal problems, and help prepare them for
their child on the way.
Locke would not look at this in any positive way. On top of their own problems,
they decided to use a child as a justification to resolve their problems. Instead
they should have confronted their problems head on. This puts into question the
common good, so therefore John Locke would be completely against having a child
to solve all of their problems.