Those two theories tie in directly to the brain and how it allows one to commit crime. Survival instincts are a big part of what makes one think about committing a crime. The basic need for survival is one of the most dominant human characteristics. At a first glance it may not seem like that is the case. However, when one steps back and takes a look at life and how humans lead our life style, it is quite clear that we live to survive another day. Think about it. At an early age most children are sent to school to learn material that will help them “survive in the outside world”.
As children grow, they are taught that they need to get money to pay for food, clothing, shelter and water. The three most important things for survival are clothing shelter, and water/food (substance). Without these three things, humans would not be able to sun,’eve. Now, when one does not have enough money, the brains automatic survival instincts kick in and that person starts to rationalize and weigh the pros and cons to committing crimes to pay for their food, shelter, and/or clothing.
However, the human mind is able to overcome its own instincts and realize what the right thing to do is. Those are individuals that are classified as “strong willed and determined”. Those individuals are determined not to fall to the low levels of crime and would rather work to gain their means of survival. Lots of people hate to work, but these “strong willed and determined individuals” rationalize that if they work hard, get money, and live an honest life, they will live a happier and less stressful life.
These types of people have a significantly lower chance of committing any sort of crimes. The people who have a higher change of committing crimes are those who eave less will power, see no other option, and/or looking for the quickest way out of their dilemma. When a person reaches a low point in their life and their brains survival instinct kicks in, the brain begins to rationalize why it should commit crimes to pay for food or what that particular individual needs paying for.
The brain weighs the pros and cons of the particular crime even though it knows that what it wants to do is wrong and there could be negative repercussions from the actions. If the brain/person feels that the benefit out- weighs the risks, the person is more likely to commit the crime. “Rational hinging is, of course, not confined to criminals; it is a widespread human trait”. (Schaller 22) Almost every choice a person makes has some rational thinking involved. For example, one could weigh the pros and cons of going to the store.
Do they really need that item right now? Or can they wait a bit longer to get it when it is less out of their way. The same thing applies to those who are trying to rationalize their criminal actions. If that person is not caught after the crime and gets what they wanted/needed out the crime, his/ her brain begins a whole new level of rationalization that leads to a new hurry of crime called the Classical Theory. The classical theory states that people think before they commit a crime because that person decided that it was to their advantage to commit the crime.
This usually happens after a person has committed a crime and gotten away with it. This person begins to think that because they were not caught and they see no negative outcome from their previous crime, the think it is k to keep committing crimes because all they see is the positive outcome for them. It is in this stage that this now criminal starts planning their next crimes and thinking about the est.. Ways to get the most out of the crime and still not get caught. A big part of this process is “pain and pleasure”. Schmeltzer 23) Pain and Pleasure is the process in the classical theory in which the individual thinking about committing a crime Starts thinking if the crime is worth the possible pain, or if the please that they could/would get from it outweighs the chance for pain. This ties into the choice theory in that the brain is trying to rationalize. It also ties into organized crime. This is because the individual is planning and organizing his/her next crime. Crime lords (commonly known as “Boss”) are a prime example of this.
They themselves do not participate directly in crime. They are the ones who organize and plan the crime. One of the best modern examples of this is in the movie Batman. The Joker is a prime example of this because he is the one who organizes lots of crime and hires men to help him. However, the difference between the Joker and the majority of crime lords is the Joker actively participates and often is in the lead role. Another famous crime lord is AY Capons. He is Americas most famous gangster/mobster.
Capons was often involved in smuggling, prostitution, and robbing banks in Chicago from the early 1 ass’s to 1931. Despite his crime, he was viewed as a modern day Robin Hood because he would often donate portions of his earnings/loot to charities. This is something quite interesting though because this goes against all criminal theories of that time period. Capons obviously had a very different way of rationalizing his crime. And because of the way he rationalized it and what he did with his crime, he was able to do more and more crime with less resistance from the people.
His rationalization process as one of a genius. Rationalization to this extreme is rare in criminals. Now- a-days crime is much different and is mostly done without meeting the victim face to face. The NCSC (National Cyber Security Division) which specializes in building and maintaining an effective national cyberspace response system and implementation Of a cyber-risk management program for protection Of critical infrastructure, deals with a lot of internet or cybercafé.
The criminals who commit cybercafé fall under the same categories as every other criminal. However, the rational thought process is a bit different. Because he criminal is not meeting the victim face to face, he/she feels less repercussions and less guilty about the crime because they do not see the negative outcome for the victim. This type of crime is growing at an alarming rate because of this new rationalization process that has been found. Some criminologists believe that the brains of criminals are slightly different than the brains of non-criminals.
Many criminologists believe that because of this, criminals “could be identified by the atavistic traits they displayed. ” (Schmeltzer 45) This belief has been around since the late 1 ass’s and was mirrored by an Italian army prison physician, Cesar Limbos. Since his time, criminologists and other scientists have been working and studying the brain to find abnormalities that would somehow link to crime. A brain study published in the Archives of General Psychiatry “compared 27 psychopaths people with severe antisocial personality disorder – to 32 non-psychopaths.
The researchers observed the deformations in another part of the brain called the magical, with the psychopaths showing a thinning of the outer layer Of that region called the cortex and, on average, an 18% volume deduction in this part of the brain. ” Psychopaths lack emotion, empathy, guilt, and remorse. This is because the magical is the primary house of emotion in the brain. Because of this deterioration of the magical this person is able to rationalize their actions with less resistance from themselves.
Oftentimes, other criminals who have been convicted of a crime show different characteristics than the rest of the population. According to the NCSC (National Crime Information Center) “brain scans done on criminals convicted of felons when shown in comparison to non-felons show different patterns in he way that the frontal lobe developed”. The frontal lobe is the main center of the brain that is involved in movement, decision-making, problem solving, and planning.
Scientists believe that this is due to the frontal lobe being developed in a different way. If the frontal lobe does not develop properly, decision making will not happen properly either. The brain will rationalize and plan in different ways that tend to be more violent or associated with crime. Scientists have known that the brain has lots to do with crime but are now only starting to see what is really going on. Brain scans and other medical technology are able to give criminologists much more to work with.