This paper presents an
analysis of learning effectiveness for the Medical and Para-medical courses in Christian Medical College, Vellore. In recent years, Computer technology
altered the landscape of the educational field particularly in higher
education. Students’ interactions are strongly encouraged through Learning Management systems. The learning
management system (LMS) is responsible for integrating all learning services .
It consists variety of tools and
functions to support teaching and learning processes like course management
tools, online group discussion, evaluation and grading.
IT enabled learning in new dimensions. Recent advances in
multimedia technology, high performance
networking enhance the e-learning technology. With this enhanced technology the
learning has become easy for our students via LMS.
Christian Medical College and Tufts University of Health Sciences
have worked collaboratively for the last 7 years to use E-learning to
strengthen and enhance medical education with particular emphasis to undergraduate
medical education at Christian Medical College. The focus of this work has been
on developing technical capacity, creating locally appropriate content,
increasing faculties’ use of e-learning methods both within and outside the
classroom, manage the curriculum more efficiently, making these resources
available to mission hospitals and to disseminate this information to other
medical colleges in India.
1. The entire MBBS
schedules are uploaded on the E-learning website
2. The majority of
MBBS lectures are uploaded on the E-learning website and students can
seamlessly access the entire teaching resources of CMC.
3. All student
feedbacks are conducted on the E-learning website
4. Announcements and
assignments are conducted on the E-learning website
All these have enhanced educational administration, making many
processes paper less, more efficient in manpower and time.
5. 4058 scientific
files (lecture presentations; quizzes, feedback and evaluations; sample interactive
cases; scientific publications of CMC; working papers; teaching materials; and
images from anatomy, biochemistry, microbiology and physiology) have been
created for use by undergraduate MBBS students. There are 3580 study materials
(representing 25 different file types) that have been uploaded on the
6. The total hit rate
over the last year was 142919.
Departmental projects in Anatomy, Biochemistry, Microbiology and
Surgery have involved developing locally relevant resources and using these in
the undergraduate training. These resources include: Anatomy — histology slide
library, dissection videos, digitizing of Anatomy diagrams, resources for
teaching cross-sectional anatomy using MRI; Biochemistry — interactive cases,
image library of biochemical disorders, interactive site for recent articles
and asking the biochemist questions; Microbiology — videos of laboratory
procedures, slide library, interactive cases, microbiology newsletter. These
resources have been developed and their use in the curriculum is currently
being evaluated. These are examples of departments where E-learning is well
incorporated into the process of teaching and learning.
The E-learning project has stimulated the faculty to develop
locally appropriate learning resources, use these in their teaching and promote
active teaching and learning processes in the classroom.
20 innovation grants have
been awarded to faculty to develop innovations in E-learning and these have
spanned the areas of undergraduate, postgraduate, distance education and
patient education .
Educational research projects are underway such as the use of
handheld devices for delivery of distance education and processes for developing
of open educational resources are underway.
for postgraduate and distance education
The E-learning website is now used to support the Fellowship in
Secondary Hospital Medicine, the PG Diploma in Family Medicine and MPH
programme of the Community health department.
platform for supporting education in mission hospitals
Infrastructure has been developed in 10 Secondary hospital
programme hospitals to use the E-learning website. Two staff from each of these
hospitals have been trained to develop courses on the E-learning website. Now
all these hospitals have access to all the learning resources within the CMC
E-learning website. These hospitals are in the process of planning and
implementing projects towards developing management guidelines for junior
doctors and developing resources for their educational courses. An electronic
platform based on a hub and spokes model to enhance educational networking
between CMC and the mission hospitals is envisaged.
Report of current status of projects and
The goal of this project is to strengthen medical education at CMC. The specific objectives of this project were:
and deliver high-quality curricula that are appropriate and relevant to local health
care needs in India
CMC faculty’s capacity to manage both the technical and content creation
components of e-learning.
these resources with secondary hospitals networked to CMC so as to reach needy areas
of the country and to disseminate this work to other medical colleges in India
towards self-sufficiency through the resources and capacity that have been
created through the project
Faculty and departments
have enhanced skills in be able to use the E-learning website, producing
electronic educational resources, using it in their teaching, developing
courses on the E-learning website
faculty from 44 departments have been trained in the use of E-learning website
faculty have been trained at Tufts University in the use and incorporation of
the E-learning website in the curriculum
Biochemistry, Microbiology and Surgery have undertaken departmental projects to
create locally appropriate electronic resources including slide libraries,
videos, interactive cases, quizzes, interactive sites, newsletters and
incorporate these into their curriculum. All these departments have been using
the E-learning website to promote active learning by students.
innovation projects have been funded to develop electronic resources and use it
in teaching in various areas including undergraduate medical, allied health
science, distance education, postgraduate and patient education.
has been incorporated as a skill to be learnt at the Medical Education
postgraduate departments are using the E-learning website for conducting staff
and postgraduate training and uploading their learning resources. Eg.
Radiology, Rheumatology, Radiation physics, Nephrology.
have improved skills in using the E-learning website
students in their I MBBS and II MBBS receive training in the use of the
E-learning website. They all received user names and passwords on entering
user support staff meets regularly with student curriculum representatives to
obtain their feedback and suggestions.
in their departmental feedback have indicated the usefulness of the E-learning
website in facilitating their learning:
lectures, interactive cases, slide libraries have been found to be extremely
such as Anatomy have encouraged students to make dissection videos. This helps
them to retain better what they study
say they are able to listen better in class
also helps them in preparation for the examination particularly the lectures,
slide libraries and Frequently asked questions
total hit rate for 2009 was 142919. The student hit rates are very
high in the I MBBS, II MBBS and final MBBS. They also peak particularly before
the University examinations.
Educational administration has been facilitated
in the following ways
lecture presentations of the entire curriculum can be reviewed
are made on-line
are given online
on-line quizzes and case of the week are put up
feedback has become completely electronic. This has improved the feedback loop
between conducting the feedback and availability of summarized feedback to
Departments and the Principal’s office.
tests can be conducted in groups of 40.
Educational processes and innovations
and students can seamlessly access educational materials across the curriculum
through the E-learning website.
are using resources of other departments in their teaching thereby enhancing
is enabling departments to work together on educational projects.
website is encouraging faculty to promote active learning in and outside the
classroom as opposed to didactic teaching through interactive cases, case based
discussion, discussion forum.
The E-learning website has spurred educational
innovation at CMC in the following ways:
of hand held device for supporting distance education in mission hospitals
digital libraries eg. Histology library, historical diagrams, video libraries,
are developing locally appropriate electronic learning resources that will
eventually be made available as open educational resources.
on-line courses that staff and postgraduates can undergo
Use in distance education and postgraduate
E-learning website supports the Fellowship in Secondary hospital medicine, the
PG Diploma in Family Medicine and MPH course conducted by the department of
the distance courses the E-learning website is being used to delivery course
materials, submit assignments, conduct on-line discussions, discuss cases, make
announcements and maintain data base of marks.
The Learning Management system can be used
effectively when all the management,staff and students co-operate and work