Where cultures units, ideas
converge and people accept other’s views, the world becomes small and the
effect is seen in all aspects of life. This process can be termed as GLOBALIZATION. It transformed the
pre-modern forms of practices and thus created a new infrastructure that
transformed the character of the earlier structures. This elicited the creation
of newer disciplines, with new methodological moorings in order to study the
new modern society. Today Globalization has generated massive transformation in
all the existing social institutes, as well as the economic, political and the
cultural spheres. This has created a need for yet another newer discourse.

For so many years man has
been in contact with people spread over the continents. New modes of transport
like railroads and steamship and telecommunications like radio, television have
revolutionized the world in several aspects during early 19th century
which became instrumental in maximizing the utilization of time and space. This
trend was followed in the 20th century and transportation became much
faster and safer with innovations in technology in several fields including
electronic and tele-communications. In the 21st century world has seen a
drastic change with the advent of internet and mobile phone. World
has become a global village and network connections became very convenient
across the world.

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 Globalization can be defined as the growing
interdependence between people, regions and countries in the world as social
and economic relationships come to stretch worldwide. Anthony Giddens feels
that globalization is simply a consequence of modernity. It has re-ordered one’s
lifestyle in time and space. He means to say that the local and the global have
been couched with each other to form a new configuration but that does not mean
that the local has lost its relevance. Both the local and the global have been
clubbed, affecting each other.